By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka
Spotting potential to innovate and commercialize new high-technology items is more and more a key for the industrial development within the surroundings of tighter environmental and source constraints, governments world wide have taken energetic steps to reinforce their nationwide innovation platforms. those steps underscore the idea of those governments that the emerging bills and hazards linked to new very likely high-payoff applied sciences, their spillover or externality-generating results and the transforming into international pageant, require nationwide R&D courses to aid the suggestions through new and latest high-technology corporations inside of their borders. The nationwide learn Council's Board on technological know-how, know-how, and fiscal coverage (STEP) has launched into a examine of chosen international innovation courses compared to significant U.S. courses. The "21st Century Innovation platforms for the USA and Japan: classes from a Decade of swap" symposium reviewed executive courses and tasks to aid the advance of small- and medium-sized firms, government-university- collaboration and consortia, and the effect of the highbrow estate regime on innovation. This e-book brings jointly the papers provided on the convention and gives a historic context of the problems mentioned on the symposium.
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Extra resources for 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium
A signiﬁcant expansion of competitive research funding, the corporatization of both national universities and public laboratories, and stronger protection of intellectual property rights are best interpreted as important steps in that direction. Since efﬁcient production of knowledge beneﬁts from competition based on the priority of publications and inventions (such competition not only strengthens the intensity of a race for research results, but also helps avoid duplication in research, and facilitates the division of labor in research, both locally and globally), this policy shift seems to be clearly pointed in the right direction.
These average ﬁgures include 16 IPO ﬁrms, so that there are many ﬁrms with very small scale of operation. 3. CONCLUSION In the late 1980s, when the Japanese economy was booming, technology policy started to emphasize the importance of science. There was a rather widely held view that the catch-up era was ﬁnally ending, that science was becoming even more important for innovation, and that Japan’s research system lacked the human resources, equipment, and management structure to thrive in this new environment.
2006. ” Presentation at the conference, 21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change. Tokyo, Japan. The National Academies, NISTEP of Japan, and The Institute of Innovation Research of Hitotsubashi University. pdf>. , Richard R. Nelson, Bhaven N. Sampat, and Arvids A. Ziedonis. 2001. S. ” Research Policy 30. Nagaoka, Sadao. 2006. ” Presentation at the conference, 21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change.