By Frank Lovett
In all societies, earlier and current, many folks and teams were topic to domination. thoroughly understood, domination is a brilliant evil, the soreness of which must be minimized as far as attainable. unusually, notwithstanding, political and social theorists have didn't supply a close research of the idea that of domination regularly. This research goals to redress this lacuna. It argues first, that domination may be understood as a situation skilled by means of people or teams to the level that they're depending on a social dating during which someone else or staff wields arbitrary energy over them; this is often termed the 'arbitrary energy notion' of domination. It argues moment, that we must always regard it as flawed to perpetrate or enable pointless domination and, therefore, that as a question of justice the political and social associations and practices of any society can be prepared in an effort to reduce avoidable domination; this is often termed 'justice as minimizing domination', a perception of social justice that connects with extra established civic republican money owed of freedom as non-domination. In constructing those arguments, this examine employs quite a few methodological techniques--including conceptual research, formal modelling, social concept, and ethical philosophy; latest debts of dependency, energy, social conference, etc are clarified, multiplied, or revised alongside the way in which. whereas of unique curiosity to modern civic republicans, this examine may still attract a wide viewers with diversified methodological and significant interests.
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Extra resources for A General Theory of Domination and Justice
Thus, my aim is speciﬁcally to develop a conception of domination that can serve as the basis for a discussion, in Part II, of a normative account of justice as minimizing domination. For important reasons discussed in Chapter 1, it is essential to this purpose that the conception of domination itself remains strictly descriptive. In this chapter, I argue that domination should be deﬁned structurally, according to a speciﬁc understanding of that term. 1 Rather, I argue that whenever persons or groups are structurally related to one another in a particular way, this situation in itself constitutes domination, regardless of the outcomes or results we happen to observe in any particular case.
Passages like these are quite common, and the particular ones selected here were chosen more or less arbitrarily; they have been singled out merely because they will prove useful in the later discussion. For the time being, we need not take any position on the question of whether, for example, traditional families really were instances of domination or not. Moreover, we should not be distracted by empirical details such as whether absolutism was indeed “redeployed and recharged” feudalism or not—an interesting historical question in itself, of course, but neither here nor there for our purposes.
12 Generally speaking, it is better to do more good than less, and better to pursue the good consistently rather than inconsistently. 13 It does not follow, however, that all rational action will be reasonable. For example, suppose that it is morally unreasonable to have the aim of getting rich by theft. In this case, a crafty embezzler who succeeds in robbing millions of dollars from his company’s shareholders might be acting rationally (in that his aims are consistent, and his means efﬁcient), but not reasonably.