Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for by Amilcar Shabazz

By Amilcar Shabazz

As we method the 50th anniversary of Brown v. Board of schooling (1954), it is very important think of the ancient struggles that ended in this groundbreaking selection. 4 years previous in Texas, the Sweatt v. Painter choice allowed blacks entry to the college of Texas's legislation college for the 1st time. Amilcar Shabazz indicates that the advance of black larger schooling in Texas--which has traditionally had one of many greatest nation collage and collage structures within the South--played a pivotal function within the problem to Jim Crow education.Shabazz starts with the construction of the Texas collage circulate within the Eighteen Eighties to foyer for equivalent entry to the complete diversity of graduate schooling via a first class college for African americans. He strains the philosophical, felony, and grassroots elements of the later crusade to open all Texas faculties and universities to black scholars, displaying the advanced diversity of thoughts and the range of ideology and method at the a part of black activists and intellectuals operating to advertise academic equality. Shabazz credit the efforts of blacks who fought for switch by means of not easy greater assets for segregated black faculties within the years earlier than Brown, exhibiting how an important basis for national desegregation used to be laid within the kingdom of Texas.

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Additional info for Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher Education in Texas

Sample text

Hamilton conceived that the campaign for state support of black out-of-state graduate education work needed allies, black and white. In 1934, he secured the support of the ctsat. In 1935, he turned to the Texas Commission on Inter-racial Cooperation (tcic) for white support. ∏≤ At a meeting held at Prairie View on 6–7 December 1935, the tcic unanimously adopted a resolution that Hamilton submitted to the group. ∏≥ On 11 March 1936, Hamilton sent letters of inquiry to the Department of Education of each of the four states identified in the resolution.

The Dallas Express article showed Hamilton also trying to milk Lone Star State particularism. It reported that Hamilton wrote to Representative Harry N. Graves on the bill, stressing the idea of a regional mismatch between the folkways of the state’s black college educators and those of their students and other persons at the college and its environs. ’’∏Ω An editorial in the Dallas Times Herald offered another perspective. π≠ As for House Bill No. 678, the legislature dragged its feet for more than two years.

State leaders chose instead to ignore his findings. ≥∏ Black Texans received little help from state government officials and fellow white educators, who made no pretense of friendship or liberalism on race. Nevertheless, blacks, with the few whites they could find, did organize interracial committees and conferences. The significance of interracial gatherings on education lay more in the way they helped to galvanize black educators and political activists and spurred them to clarify problems and goals than in stimulating actual corrective action.

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