American originals: homemade varieties of Christianity by Paul K. Conkin

By Paul K. Conkin

In a piece of awesome breadth and readability, Paul Conkin deals an even-handed and in-depth examine the main American-made different types of Christianity—a various staff of non secular traditions, every one of which displays an important holiday from western Christian orthodoxy.Identifying six precise kinds, Conkin examines the key denominations consultant of every unique number of American Christianity: recovery (Churches of Christ, Disciples of Christ); humanistic (Unitarians, Universalists); apocalyptic (Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses); Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints); religious (Christian technology, Unity); and ecstatic (Holiness and Pentecostal denominations). targeting the early years and maturation of those teams, he discusses their founders and leaders, origins and previous global roots, and crucial doctrines and practices. Conkin closes every one bankruptcy with a advisor to extra reading.The first entire survey of those American originals, this e-book will function a precious source on a couple of spiritual traditions whose participants not just include an important percent of the yankee inhabitants but in addition make up an expanding share of Christian converts around the globe.

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They know, and remember with thanks, that God alone elects to salvation. It is his initiative, the work of his Spirit, that brings one to repentance and to a new outlook. This is a rebirth that, like an original birth, is not something one chooses, but a momentous transformation of one's affections. These control all subsequent choices. At the moment of transformation, a convert does indeed respond to God in a very active way, but such a response is a product of divine initiative. This Protestant understanding of salvation departed from the most common view within the older and, by the sixteenth century, corrupt Church.

Smith, more gifted but less emotionally stable than Jones, was a man of changing moods and frequent controversies (he later twice defected to the Universalists). He joined Jones in preaching tours, and the two were able in a decade to organize at least fourteen Christian congregations. In 1808 Smith began publishing the Herald of Gospel Liberty, often claimed by members of his movement as the first Christian newspaper in America (a challengeable claim, since at least three evangelical periodicals already existed in New England and New York).

After assuming his leadership role, more by default than by choice, Stone was more emphatic than ever in his antitrinitarian crusade. By popular labeling, which he sometimes accepted, his Arian or subordinationist position (Jesus was not God, but the son of God, created before all worlds, and fully divine) made him a Unitarian, a position that soon gained him support and endorsement from New England Christians but that stigmatized his congregations in the West. Once again, Stone never made acceptance of his theological speculations a condition of membership.

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