Anaphora Processing: Linguistic, Cognitive and Computational by António Branco, Tony McEnery, Ruslan Mitkov

By António Branco, Tony McEnery, Ruslan Mitkov

Anaphora processing is a significant subject within the examine of average language and has lengthy been the article of analysis in quite a lot of disciplines. the proper interpretation of anaphora has additionally develop into more and more vital for real-world usual language processing functions, together with desktop translation, automated abstracting, info extraction and query answering.
This quantity presents a different evaluate of the processing of anaphora from a multi- and inter-disciplinary perspective. it will likely be of curiosity and sensible use to readers from fields as varied as theoretical linguistics, corpus linguistics, computational linguistics, desktop technological know-how, traditional language processing, man made intelligence, human language know-how, psycholinguistics, cognitive technology and translation studies.
The readership contains yet isn't constrained to college academics, researchers, postgraduate and senior undergraduate students.

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These are REs which, although referring to the same entity, can be understood independently without making the text interpretation to suffer if a relation between them is not established (for instance, two mentions of the sun: I waked up this morning when the sun rose; and later on: I read a book about Amenomphis the IVth, the Egyptian pharaoh, son of the sun). 21 HOW TO DEAL WITH WICKED ANAPHORA? to help the proposal/identification of a discourse entity, once this task has been fulfilled, the projected structure can be discarded.

Figures 4 and 5 display an example of a domain of referential accessibility for the linear case, respectively the hierarchical case. Figure 4a shows a case when REa evokes DEa and REb evokes DEb. Then the order to search the candidate referents for PSc (projected from REc) is DEb first, then DEa. If a match between PSc and DEa is found (Figure 4b) then, for a subsequent REd, the order to search the candidate referent matching the correspondent PSd is DEa first, then DEb (Figure 4c). If, instead, hierarchical order is preferred, considering that REa, REb and REc belong to three adjacent 25 HOW TO DEAL WITH WICKED ANAPHORA?

11 When the predicative noun is an indefinite NP, as in (9), our model interprets it as the semantic type of the subject. The more general concept is replaced with a more specific one both when a concept is predicated as a more specific one (the animal is an elephant) as well as when the reverse predication holds (the elephant is a heavy animal with a trump). 13 Conceptual hierarchies like WordNet can help to identify, in examples like (10), that a photo (an object) cannot be a type for [the rival] (hyponym of a person, according to WordNet).

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