Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal by Isabel Suárez-Ruiz and John C. Crelling (Eds.)

By Isabel Suárez-Ruiz and John C. Crelling (Eds.)

Content material:
About the Editors

, Page xi
Contributing Authors

, Pages xiii-xiv, John C. Crelling, Joan S. Esterle, Robert B. Finkelman, Stephen F. Greb, Gareth D. Mitchell, Jack C. Pashin, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Nicola J. Wagner, Colin R. Ward, M. Coertzen, R.H. Matjie, J.C. van Dyk

, Page xv

, Pages xvii-xviii
Chapter 1 - creation to utilized Coal Petrology

, Pages 1-18, Colin R. Ward, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz
Chapter 2 - easy components Controlling Coal caliber and Technological habit of Coal

, Pages 19-59, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Colin R. Ward
Chapter three - Mining and Beneficiation

, Pages 61-83, Joan S. Esterle
Chapter four - Coal Combustion

, Pages 85-117, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, Colin R. Ward
Chapter five - Coal Gasification

, Pages 119-144, Nicola J. Wagner, M. Coertzen, R.H. Matjie, J.C. van Dyk
Chapter 6 - Direct Coal Liquefaction

, Pages 145-171, Gareth D. Mitchell
Chapter 7 - Coal Carbonization

, Pages 173-192, John C. Crelling
Chapter eight - Coal-Derived Carbon Materials

, Pages 193-225, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz, John C. Crelling
Chapter nine - Coal as a petrol resource Rock and Reservoir Rock

, Pages 227-262, Jack C. Pashin
Chapter 10 - Environmental and well-being Impacts

, Pages 263-287, Robert B. Finkelman, Stephen F. Greb
Chapter eleven - different functions of Coal Petrology

, Pages 289-301, John C. Crelling, Isabel Suárez-Ruiz

, Pages 303-380

, Pages 381-388

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Extra info for Applied Coal Petrology. The Role of Petrology in Coal Utiliztion

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Mastalerz and Bustin (1993, 1996), Walker and Mastalerz (2004), and Li et al. , 1998), to study macerals on a microscopic scale. They noted an increased aromatic character in the vitrinite and inertinites with an increase in rank and a shift toward greater aromaticity from liptinite to vitrinite to inertinite. 1 Minerals and Mineral Matter As discussed by Ward (2002), the material classed as “mineral matter” embraces all the minerals and other inorganic elements occurring in coal, including (1) dissolved salts and other inorganic substances in the pore water of the coal, (2) inorganic elements incorporated within the organic compounds of the coal macerals, and (3) discrete inorganic particles (crystalline or noncrystalline) representing the actual mineral components.

The components of this group are more inert (less reactive in carbonization) than the macerals of the other groups. Their color in reflected white light is grey or greyish white to yellowish. Their reflectance is higher than that of the other groups, but this also depends on the chemical composition of the various inertinite macerals (ICCP, 2001). When blue-violet to green light excitation is used, low-reflecting inertinite macerals are fluorescent (Diessel, 1985). Subdivision of the inertinite macerals (ICCP, 2001) depends on the presence or absence of vegetable structures or whether they represent fragmentary material.

4. Maceral concentration versus aliphatic C-H and aromatic C=C for maceral density concentrates of the Blue Gem coal bed, Kentucky. Note that the liptinite concentrate contains little more than 80% litpinite, with much of the remainder being vitrinite. The vitrinite and inertinite concentrates exceed 95% purity. Mineral matter is negligible in most of the concentrates. (Source: Energy and Fuels 8, by J. C. Hower, D. N. Taulbee, S. M. Rimmer, and L. G. ) The first two forms, sometimes described as nonmineral inorganics, are typically most abundant in the mineral matter of lower rank coals (Kiss and King, 1977, 1979; Given and Spackman, 1978; Benson and Holm, 1985; Miller and Given, 1986; Given and Miller, 1987a,b; and Ward, 1991, 1992).

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