By John Bell (auth.), László Pólos, Michael Masuch (eds.)
A number of papers awarded on the overseas convention `Applied good judgment: common sense at Work', held in Amsterdam in December 1992. these days, the time period `applied common sense' has a really large that means, as quite a few functions of logical tools in computing device technological know-how, formal linguistics and different fields testify. Such purposes are certainly not limited to using recognized logical strategies: at its top, utilized good judgment consists of a back-and-forth discussion among logical conception and the matter domain.
The papers specialize in the appliance of common sense to the learn of ordinary language, in syntax, semantics and pragmatics, and the influence of those reports at the improvement of common sense. within the final decade, the dynamic nature of common language has been the main fascinating problem for logicians. Dynamic semantics is right here utilized to new issues, the dynamic technique is prolonged to syntax, and a number of other methodological concerns in dynamic semantics are systematically investigated. different methodological concerns within the formal reports of traditional language are mentioned, equivalent to the necessity for varieties, modal operators and different logical operators within the formal framework. additional articles tackle the scope of those methodological concerns from different views starting from cognition to computation.
the amount provides papers which are fascinating for graduate scholars and researchers within the box of common sense, philosophy of language, formal semantics and pragmatics, and computational linguistics.
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Extra resources for Applied Logic: How, What and Why: Logical Approaches to Natural Language
S. ), Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California, pp. : 1988, Knowledge in Flux, MIT Press, Cambridge Massachusetts. Sc. Project Report, Computer Science Department, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London. : 1975, Logic and conversation, in: P. Cole and J. Morgan (eds) , Syntax and Semantics 3 : Speech Acts, New York, Academic Press. ), Syntax and Semantics 9: Pragmatics, New York, Academic Press. Halpern, J. : 1991, "Model Checking vs. Theorem Proving: A Manifesto", Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Proceedings of the Second International Conference, Cambridge Massachusetts, J.
2. The processes of meaning determination and presupposition determination can not be ordered, as suggested in (Van der Sandt and Geurts, 1991) (which does not consider VPE), but have to be interleaved. As seen from the previous point, presupposition of the target clause may depend on the meaning of the source clause. However, as will be shown here, the opposite also holds: the meaning of the target clause may depend on presuppositions of the source clause. In fact, in our formalization of our DPL extension in section 3, we implicitly have provided the means to incorporate presuppo- 54 JAN VAN EIJCK AND NISSIM FRANCEZ sition (and its failure) in our procedural representation process.
We show that the famous ambiguity in VPE, namely the distinction between strict readings vs. sloppy readings, is related to presuppositions and their failure. We formalize our theory using an extension of Dynamic Predicate Logic (DPL). The extension we propose includes the following constructs: • Local variables • Procedures with simple parameters (without recursion) • Scope rules for free variables in procedures (dynamic vs. static scoping). To make the formal connection with presupposition, we combine 29 L.