By Arian Mostaedi
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Extra resources for Architectural Design - EDUCATION AND CULTURE
Corrosion is progressive and leads to loss of serviceability and eventual failure. It is very necessary to provide steelwork with suitable protection against corrosion. The choice of system depends on the type and degree of pollution and length of life required. A long maintenancefree life is assured if the correct system is used and applied correctly (BS 5493, 1977). Surface preparation is the most important single factor in achieving successful protection against corrosion. All hot-rolled steel products are covered with a thin layer of iron oxide termed mill scale.
Deflections under working loads can be calculated as part of the analysis and checked against code limits. 2(a). 18 STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN Fig. 1 Stress-strain diagrams: (a) structural steels—BS 5950 and EC3; (b) plastic design. The permissible stresses are obtained by dividing the yield stress or elastic critical buckling stress where stability is a problem by a factor of safety. The one factor of safety takes account variations in strengths of materials, inaccuracies in fabrication, possible overloads etc.
The term is also often applied to manual design. 2 NEED FOR AND SCOPE OF PRELIMINARY DESIGN METHODS Preliminary design is needed for the following reasons: • • • • to obtain sections and weights for cost estimation; to compare alternative proposals; to obtain initial sections for computer analysis; to check a completed design. The need for approximate manual methods is more important than ever because a ‘black box’ design era is taking over. It is necessary to know if output is right, wrong or complete nonsense.