Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian by Laurent Dubois

By Laurent Dubois

The 1st and in basic terms profitable slave revolution within the Americas begun in 1791 whilst hundreds of thousands of brutally exploited slaves rose up opposed to their masters on Saint-Domingue, the main ecocnomic colony within the eighteenth-century Atlantic international. inside of many years, the slave insurgents compelled the French directors of the colony to emancipate them, a choice ratified via innovative Paris in 1794. This victory used to be a gorgeous problem to the order of master/slave kin in the course of the Americas, together with the southern usa, reinforcing the main fervent hopes of slaves and the worst fears of masters. yet, peace eluded Saint-Domingue as British and Spanish forces attacked the colony. A charismatic ex-slave named Toussaint Louverture got here to France's reduction, elevating armies of others like himself and defeating the invaders. finally Napoleon, fearing the large political energy of Toussaint, despatched an important undertaking to overwhelm him and subjugate the ex-slaves. After many battles, a decisive victory over the French secured the beginning of Haiti and the everlasting abolition of slavery from the land. The independence of Haiti reshaped the Atlantic global by means of resulting in the French sale of Louisiana to the USA and the growth of the Cuban sugar economic system. Laurent Dubois weaves the tales of slaves, unfastened humans of African descent, prosperous whites, and French directors into an unforgettable story of riot, warfare, heroism, and victory. He establishes the Haitian Revolution as a foundational second within the heritage of democracy and human rights. (20040323)

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Extra resources for Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution

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A few examples from the northern plain highlight the startling imbalance in the population. 48 Masters and colonial administrators agreed that it was vital to contain this slave population. But they often disagreed vehemently about how to do it. The King’s 1685 Code Noir laid out detailed regulations regarding the treatment of slaves—their hours of labor, food, housing, clothes, and punishment—as well as related issues such as the process of emancipation. For the next century slave masters brazenly, openly, and consistently broke almost every provision of this code.

Bigger profits were available to those who could afford technology to purify sugar on-site, removing the molasses and turning it into an edible (though still brown) sugar, which could be sold at a higher price. The number of plantations removing molasses grew; in 1730 there were 5 in the north, but by 1751 there were 182, compared with 124 that did not refine sugar. 27 Sugarcane production required good land, irrigation, a large labor force, and expensive equipment. It promised major profits, but it required an initial investment far greater than tobacco or indigo.

Among the slaves the Jamaicans sold this way were some they especially wished to get rid of because they were rebellious. 53 In addition to nearby British and Spanish colonies, not to mention Dutch traders, the inhabitants of Saint-Domingue found other willing partners in crime among the merchants of New England. The “subproducts” of sugar—particularly rum and molasses—were traded for a wide variety of provisions. S. ”) Although many North American merchants came to Saint-Domingue, often the trading took place on small islands such as the Turks and Caicos and the Bahamas, where there was little imperial control.

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