Beyond Sputnik: U.S. Science Policy in the 21st Century by Homer Alfred Neal, Tobin Smith, Jennifer McCormick

By Homer Alfred Neal, Tobin Smith, Jennifer McCormick

Technology and know-how are liable for nearly each increase in our smooth caliber of lifestyles. but technological know-how is not just approximately laboratories, telescopes and particle accelerators. Public coverage exerts a huge effect on how the medical neighborhood conducts its paintings. past Sputnik is a entire survey of the sphere to be used as an introductory textbook in classes and a reference consultant for legislators, scientists, reporters, and advocates trying to comprehend the technology policy-making strategy. distinct case studies---on issues from cloning and stem mobilephone examine to place of origin defense and technological know-how education---offer readers the chance to review actual cases of policymaking at paintings. Authors and specialists Homer A. Neal, Tobin L. Smith, and Jennifer B. McCormick suggest useful how you can enforce sound public coverage in technology and expertise and spotlight how those regulations will advisor the result of medical discovery for years to come.Homer A. Neal is the Samuel A. Goudsmit amazing college Professor of Physics, intervening time President Emeritus, and vp for learn Emeritus on the college of Michigan, and is a former member of the U.S. nationwide technological know-how Board.Tobin L. Smith is affiliate vp for Federal kin on the organization of yankee Universities. He was once previously Assistant Director of the collage of Michigan and MIT Washington, DC, offices.Jennifer B. McCormick is an Assistant Professor of Biomedical Ethics within the department of basic inner medication on the Mayo collage of drugs in Rochester, Minnesota, and is the affiliate Director of the examine Ethics source, a part of the Mayo Clinic's NIH medical Translational technology Award study programs.GO past SPUTNIK ONLINE--Visit www.science-policy.net for the newest information, educating assets, studying courses, and internship possibilities within the 21st-Century box of technology policy."Beyond Sputnik is a readable, concise, but remarkably accomplished advent to modern technological know-how coverage. it really is without 'wonkishness' but serves the desires of policymakers and scholars alike. simply because technology and know-how coverage is of critical significance within the twenty-first century this obtainable quantity is a godsend."---Charles M. Vest, President of the nationwide Academy of Engineering and Vice Chair of the nationwide study Council of the nationwide Academies of Sciences and Engineering"This hugely researched ebook is a treasure trove for someone excited by technological know-how coverage with regards to such demanding situations as supplying strength, protecting the surroundings, assuring healthcare, growing jobs, and more."---Norman Augustine, retired Chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin company and recipient of the 2008 Vannevar Bush Award from the nationwide technological know-how Board"Science coverage is a topic of transforming into significance within the usa, but there has lengthy been a vacuum between textbooks within the box. past Sputnik fills it wonderfully and may be greeted with enthusiasm via scholars and college alike. Even those that have practiced the artwork for years will study from it."---Albert Teich, Director of technology and coverage courses on the American organization for the development of Science"Homer A. Neal, Tobin L. Smith, and Jennifer B. McCormick have written a landmark paintings calling for a countrywide attempt to revive our nation's energy within the fields of technology, strength, and schooling, as we did within the striking yr following Sputnik. the following preident may still learn past Sputnik and settle for this name to motion as did President Eisenhower."---Ambassador David M. Abshire, President of the guts for the research of the Presidency, Cofounder and vp of the guts for Strategic and foreign stories, and President of the Richard Lounsbery Foundation"At final we've got a textual content that tells the tale from the place A. Hunter Dupree left off; an exceptional center textual content for classes in technology and expertise coverage, DC policymakers, and a person who must wake up to hurry within the box . . . The publication that we've got all been ready for."---Christopher T. Hill, Professor of Public coverage and know-how, George Mason college

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While Kilgore's first two efforts focused on mobilizing scientific and technical resources for the war, his 1 944 bill focused on the postwar promotion of science. This time, Kilgore invited Bush to collaborate in drafting the legislation, apparently out of a genuine belief that the two could successfully work together. This third piece of legislation would have established an independent agency-the National Science Foundation (NSF)-that would focus primarily on promoting peacetime basic and applied research, along with scientific training and educa­ tion programs.

Pdf ( accessed May 5 , 2007). 48. James c . McGroddy, before the House Committee on Science, " National Science Policy Part II: Defining Successful Partnerships and Collaborations in Scientific Research," 1 05th Congress, 2nd sess. , March 1 1 , 1 9 9 8 . 49. Bruce L. R. Smith, American Science Policy since World War II (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1 9 9 0 ) , 12; s e e also D o n K. Price, The Scientific Estate ( Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1 9 6 5 ) .

The ensuing revival of patriotism and scientific interest lured a whole generation of young people to pursue ca­ reers in science and engineering. Although many of them are still in the workforce today, most are nearing retire­ ment age, and no Sputnik-like event has come along in the ensuing years that would encourage a new genera­ tion of young people to choose scientific and engineering careers. During the Cold War years, though, American re­ searchers enj oyed substantial government support, with defense concerns dominating federal funding decisions .

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