Biomass crops : production, energy and the environment by Alfred P. Haggerty

By Alfred P. Haggerty

Within the strength undefined, biomass refers to organic fabric which are used as gasoline or for commercial creation. Biomass comprises plant topic grown to be used as biofuel, in addition to plant or animal subject used for creation of fibres, chemical compounds or warmth. This e-book offers present learn within the research of biomass vegetation, together with the conversion of wooden into liquid fuels; alfalfa biomass creation; gasification of biomass in aqueous media and biofuel construction strength.

Show description

Read Online or Download Biomass crops : production, energy and the environment PDF

Similar environmental studies books

Chemistry Fundamentals Of Environmental Chemistry

Basics of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable technology, Fourth version covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry built-in through the publication. This re-creation of a bestseller presents an up to date textual content with an elevated emphasis on sustainability and eco-friendly chemistry.

Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Cold Regions

This functional consultant to bioremediation in chilly areas is designed to help environmental practitioners, undefined, and regulators within the remediation of petroleum spills and infected websites in chilly areas. Remediation layout and expertise utilized in temperate climates doesn't inevitably paintings in chilly climates, and cleanup takes longer because of shorter therapy seasons, sub-freezing temperatures, floor freezing and thawing, and restricted bioactivity.

Biotechnology of Aroma Compounds (Advances in Biochemical Engineering Biotechnology)

Discussing the biotechnology of aroma compounds, this paintings contains assurance of: enzymes and flavour biotechnology; glycoconjugated aroma compounds - occurence, function and biotechnological transformation; and clients for the bioengineering of isoprenoid biosynthesis.

Nanotechnology in Electrocatalysis for Energy

This publication makes a speciality of nanotechnology in electrocatalysis for power functions. particularly the ebook covers nanostructured electrocatalysts for low temperature gasoline cells, low temperature electrolyzers and electrochemical valorization. The functionality of this ebook is to supply an advent to simple rules of electrocatalysis, including a assessment of the most sessions of fabrics and electrode architectures.

Extra resources for Biomass crops : production, energy and the environment

Sample text

2006). C Contact pyrolysis involves high h heat transsfer due to thee high thermal conductivityy of metals. , 19999). Owing too the low therm mal conductivvity of the biom mass, only the outer layer off the particle is subjected too pyrolysis. The T volatile prroducts generated as a resuult are rapidlyy removed froom the hot suurface, ensurin ng very low secondary s reaactions. The carbonized c outter layer of thhe biomass paarticle is rapid dly removed owing o to attritiion in the ablaative reactor, leaving l a secoond layer of frresh biomass exposed, e which is subjectedd to further pyrrolysis by conttact with the hot h surface.

Heavy lignin derived components condense at higher temperatures than water and lighter water soluble elements (Bayerbach and Meier, 2009). Owing to the high water content and the presence of oxygenated organic compounds, pyrolysis oils are highly polar, and therefore immiscible with conventional hydrocarbon fuels. In contrast, pyrolysis oil tolerates the addition of water up to a limit. Phase separation usually occurs at water contents above 40 wt% (Bayerbach and Meier, 2009). , 2000; Nguyen and Honnery, 2008).

2004, Peaacocke and Bridgwater, 1994) or by appplying centrifu fugal forces aggainst a hot wall, w as in cyyclonic and vortex v reactorrs (Diebold 1980, Lede et al. 2006). C Contact pyrolysis involves high h heat transsfer due to thee high thermal conductivityy of metals. , 19999). Owing too the low therm mal conductivvity of the biom mass, only the outer layer off the particle is subjected too pyrolysis. The T volatile prroducts generated as a resuult are rapidlyy removed froom the hot suurface, ensurin ng very low secondary s reaactions.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 13 votes