By C.D. Naik
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Extra info for Buddhism and Dalits Social Philosophy and Traditions
Impa ct on Pover ty Pover ty is owing to 50% rural farmin g househ olds having less than one acre land and needin g supple menta ry work in non-ag ricultu re sector or sundr y works related to farm. Cause d by Gover nment cut in povert y allevia tion progra mmes despit e its huma n face reform s in 1994- 95 and 1995- 96, budge t increa se for alarm ing situat ion and politic al electio n gain provid ing less than 20 days work per person a year at Rs. 2l. , Malar ia, Fileria , lepros y and epidem ics like Plague , Jaund ice, Influe nza, Pneum onia and Dengu e emerg ed and reeme rged durin g reform period furthe r aggra vated the situati on.
In ancient times, the four varnas were primarily a categorization scheme; the Vedas contained no prohibitions regarding intermarriage. There were, however, large numbers of jatis, probably originally tribal lineage groups. Brahman legists organized these groups into c~stes. The law books of Manu and Yajnavalkya, which were attributed to legendary figures, reached their canonical forms around 200 CE. These layout caste duties, prohibitons, and penalties for violating their regulations. Brahmans developed a new relationship with state.
Two functions are necessary to practice righteousness, (1) to know what is right and what is wrong and, (2) to follow right and not to follow wrong. Further two things of absolute necessity for this are: (1) Training of man's instincts and dispositions. If there is no training of the mind to turn bad dispositions into good dispositions there is no use of not committing fresh misdeeds by expiration and purge of former misdeeds as explained in Jain philosophy. A good disposition is the only permanent foundation and guarantee of permanent goodness.