By Steven C. Bullock
Within the first entire historical past of the fraternity recognized to outsiders basically for its secrecy and rituals, Steven Bullock lines Freemasonry via its first century in the USA. He follows the order from its origins in Britain and its creation into North the United States within the 1730s to its near-destruction via a big anti-Masonic move virtually a century later and its next reconfiguration into the brotherhood we all know this day. With a club that incorporated Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Paul Revere, and Andrew Jackson, Freemasonry is attention-grabbing in its personal correct, yet Bullock additionally locations the move on the middle of the transformation of yank society and tradition from the colonial period to the increase of Jacksonian democracy. utilizing hotel files, contributors' recollections and correspondence, and native and Masonic histories, Bullock hyperlinks Freemasonry with the altering beliefs of early American society. even if the fraternity started between colonial elites, its unfold in the course of the Revolution and in a while allowed it to play an immense function in shaping the hot nation's principles of liberty and equality. mockingly, notwithstanding, the extra inclusive and universalist Masonic principles turned, the extra threatening its participants' monetary and emotional bonds appeared to outsiders, sparking an explosive assault at the fraternity after 1826. American History
By Robert Chase
Considering the fact that time immemorial, the reaction of the residing to loss of life has been to commemorate the lifetime of the departed via ceremonies and rituals. for almost millennia, the Christian quest for everlasting peace has been expressed in a poetic-musical constitution referred to as the requiem.
Traditional requiem texts, between them the nameless medieval Latin poem Dies Irae ("Day of Wrath"), have encouraged an untold variety of composers in several a while and serving diversified religions, Western and jap. This e-book, the 1st entire survey of requiem track for almost part a century, presents loads of various and specific info that may be of use to the pro musician, the musical pupil, the choral conductor, the theologian and liturgist, and the final reader.
The major physique of the advisor is an outline of a few 250 requiems. every one access encompasses a concise biography of the composer and an outline of the composition. information of voicing, orchestration, variations, and discography are given. an intensive bibliography contains dictionaries, encyclopedias, prayer books, monographs, and articles. An appendix lists greater than 1700 requiems now not mentioned in the major textual content
By Philip P. Arnold
How do humans meaningfully occupy the land? In sixteenth-century Mexico, Aztec and Spanish understandings of land shaped the root in their cultural identities. Their designated conceptions of land additionally confirmed the demanding personality of cultural touch. As Philip P. Arnold keeps in consuming panorama, vital to Aztec meanings of land have been ceremonies to Tlaloc, god of rain, fertility, and earth. those ceremonies incorporated baby sacrifices for rain and corn, priestly auto-sacrifices at lakes, mountain veneration, and ancestor worship. What unifies those ceremonies, contends Arnold, is the Aztec knowing of nutrients. via feeding deities of the land, people may devour. Seeing the valley of Mexico as Tlalocan (the position of Tlaloc) and characterizing it as an "eating panorama" illustrates an Aztec mode of occupying land. while, Arnold demonstrates that the very texts that open a window on Tlaloc ceremonies have been created through Spanish missionaries. fairly very important was once Sahagn's Florentine Codex, which--as used to be the case with the paintings of different ethnographers--was meant to smash Aztec ceremonies by means of exposing them via writing. utilizing texts to bare a pre-Columbian previous, consequently, is frustrating. Arnold hence indicates another studying of the texts just about the cloth setting of the Valley of Mexico. by means of connecting ceremonies to express water classes, mountains, vegetation, and animals, Arnold unearths a extra encompassing photograph of Aztec ceremonies, revealing the distance among indigenous and colonial understandings of land. Indigenous thoughts of occupying land in Mexico concerned with ceremonies which addressed the cloth stipulations of existence, whereas colonial innovations of occupying land situated round books and different written fabrics corresponding to Biblical and classical texts, ethnographies, and criminal records. those specified methods of occupying Tlalocan, concludes Arnold, had dramatic results for the formation of the Americas. Filling a spot within the assurance of Aztec cosmology, consuming panorama brings hermeneutics to archaeology and linguistic research in new ways in which may be of curiosity to historians of faith and archaeologists alike.
By Norman Kretzmann
The Metaphysics of Theism is the definitive examine of the average theology of Thomas Aquinas, the best of medieval philosophers, written via one of many world's most outstanding students of medieval idea. ordinary theology is the research by way of research and rational argument of basic questions on fact, thought of when it comes to God. Professor Kretzmann exhibits the continued price of Aquinas's doctrines to the philosophical firm at the present time; he argues that common theology bargains the one course in which philosophers can, as philosophers, method theological propositions, and that the single provided during this publication is the easiest on hand normal theology.
By Zecharia Sitchin
Thousands Of Years prior to the Birth
Of Christ, Giants Roamed The Earth
In the 16th century, Spanish conquerors got here to the hot global looking for El Dorado, the fabled urban of gold. in its place, they encountered inexplicable phenomena that experience wondered students and historians ever considering that: large stone edifices built within the Earth's such a lot inaccessible areas ... nice monuments solid with most unlikely ability and unknown instruments ... complex carvings describing the occasions and topography of part an international away.
In this, the notable and punctiliously researched fourth quantity of THE EARTH CHRONICLES, writer Zecharia Sitchin uncovers the long-hidden secrets and techniques of the misplaced civilizations of the pre-Columbian Americas and gives documentation of the enormous gods who spawned the greatness of the Incans, Mayans, and Aztecs -- the Anunnaki -- "those who from Heaven to Earth came."
By Aisha Beliso-De Jesús
Santería is an African-inspired, Cuban diaspora faith lengthy stigmatized as witchcraft and infrequently brushed off as superstition, but its spirit- and possession-based practices are quickly successful adherents internationally. Aisha M. Beliso-De Jesús introduces the time period "copresence" to trap the present transnational event of Santería, during which racialized and gendered spirits, deities, clergymen, and non secular tourists remake neighborhood, nationwide, and political limitations and reconfigure notions of expertise and transnationalism.
Drawing on 8 years of ethnographic learn in Havana and Matanzas, Cuba, and in ny urban, Miami, la, and the San Francisco Bay zone, Beliso-De Jesús strains the phenomenon of copresence within the lives of Santería practitioners, mapping its emergence in transnational areas and historic moments and its ritual negotiation of race, imperialism, gender, sexuality, and spiritual trip. Santería's spirits, deities, and practitioners let electronic applied sciences for use in new methods, inciting special encounters via video and different media. getting rid of conventional perceptions of Santería as a static, localized perform or as a part of a mythologized "past," this booklet emphasizes the religion's dynamic circulations and demands nontranscendental understandings of non secular transnationalisms.
By Mark Watson
By George Oliver
Contents: The Pythagorean Triangle defined, with a Dissertation at the Peculiarities of Masonic quantity; The Monad or aspect mentioned because the beginning of All Calculation; The Duad or Line Exemplified; representation of the Triad or Superfice; (The Superfice, or Equilateral Triangle, Triad, Ternary, or the quantity Three); revolutionary iteration of the Tetrad or good, Representing fireplace; Geometrical software of the Pentad or Pyramid, Representing Water; limitless Divisibility of the Hexad or Double Triangle, Representing Earth; outstanding houses of the Heptad; Mysterious References of the Ogdoad or dice, Representing Air; historic Superstitions hooked up to the Ennead or Triple Triangle; excellent Nature of the Decad or Circle, and the appliance of the Dodecaedron as a illustration of the procedure of the Universe.
By Merold Westphal
The query of the transcendence of God has typically been suggestion when it comes to the adaptation among pantheism, which affirms that God is fully "within" the area, and theism, which affirms that God is either "within" and "outside" the area, either immanent and transcendent. opposed to Heidegger's critique of onto-theology and the overall postmodern challenge for respecting and conserving the adaptation of the opposite, Merold Westphal seeks to reconsider divine transcendence with regards to modes of human self-transcendence. Touching upon Spinoza, Hegel, Augustine, Pseudo-Dionysius, Aquinas, Barth, Kierkegaard, Levinas, Derrida, and Marion, Westphal's paintings facilities round a critique of onto-theology, the significance of alterity, the decentered self, and the self sustaining transcendental ego. Westphal's phenomenology of religion units this booklet into the most currents of Continental philosophy of faith this day.
By L. Ron Hubbard
Self research В The boundaries of existence are rather simply shadows. learn how to recognize your self вЂ” not only a shadow of your self. В Containing the main whole description of awareness, В Self research takes you thru your prior, via your potentials, your existence. First, with a chain of self-examinations and utilizing a different model of the Hubbard Chart of Human overview, you plot your self at the Tone Scale. Then, employing a sequence of sunshine but strong approaches, you embark at the nice experience of self-discovery. This e-book extra includes embracive ideas that extend any case, from the bottom to the top вЂ” together with auditing options so powerful they're talked about by way of Ron many times via all following years of analysis into the top states. In sum, this e-book not just strikes one up the Tone Scale yet can pull somebody out of virtually whatever. В В В