Citizen Airmen - A Hist. of the Air Force Reserve 1946-94 by G. Cantwell

By G. Cantwell

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68 In September 1940, Congress authorized the President to recall involuntarily all reservists for a year’s service. The Judge Advocate General ruled that under the terms of this legislation voluntarily recalled reservists were subject to having their tours extended annually until they had served seven years, just as were those recalled under the April 1939 law. Only those ordered to active duty involuntarily would be eligible to apply for relief at the expiration of a twelve-month tour. 6y Beginning in November 1939, the War Department authorized the Air Corps to recruit reservists from other arms and services who did not hold aeronautical ratings.

C. Mosely, Clover Field Commander, the reservists obtained scrap lumber from Ross Field at Acadia, California, and built a headquarters and medical building. Then, after the operation had struggled for some time and was becoming inundated by the paperwork associated with the field’s dual mission, they found a former Army clerk willing to care for the records in return for lodging on the premises. By January 10 National Defense Act to Pearl Harbor Upon becoming Chief of the Air Service (1921-1927), Maj.

Lacking a true basis and justification for its existence, the Air Reserve program was susceptible to budget reductions because Army Air Forces officials could not defend its importance, and a paranoid generation of reservists was left to complain about its second-class citizenry. Quite aside from the political clout it derived from a Constitutional tradition and sponsorshipby forty-eight governors, the Air National Guard had a mission that defined it as the first line of the reserve. Consequently the guard got the facilities, the equipment, and the aircraft; the reserve got what was left over.

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