Continuum Mechanics Through the Twentieth Century A Concise by Gerard A Maugin

By Gerard A Maugin

Preface 1. The Land Clearers and the "Classics" 2. Transition to the 20 th Century three. Rheology and Nonlinear Elasticity four. the yank Society of Mechanical Engineers Spirit five. Axiomatization and Thermo-Mechanics 6. The British university of Elasticity, Plasticity and Defects: utilized arithmetic 7. The French Masters eight. The Polish power nine. German Revival in Continuum Mechanics After WWII 10. ecu Miscellanei and Asia eleven. The Soviet and Russian faculties 12. Continuum Mechanics and Electromagnetism thirteen. Generalized Continuum Mechanics: numerous Paths 14. Configurational Mechanics 15. Relativistic Continuum Mechanics: A twentieth Century experience sixteen. Epilogue Appendix: chosen Biographies of Mechanicians

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Mohr was a railway-structural engineer who graduated from the Polytechnicum in Hannover. He taught engineering mechanics first at the Polytechnicum in Stuttgart and then in Dresden. Following along the path of Karl Cuhlman (see above), he was very much interested in graphical methods (Graphische Statik). He is universally known for his twodimensional representation of the stress state by means of so-called Mohr circles. After starting his engineering studies at the Polytechnicum, August Föppl transferred to Stuttgart where he took courses with Mohr, but he finally graduated from the Polytechnicum in Karlsruhe.

Still the USA were not exactly part of the ‘‘concert’’ of the nations, although they were also involved in wars and occupations that now look quite colonial in character (Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, the Philippines). ) for the training of technicians. This sets the stage for new developments that are more international in nature, refer more than before to a real behaviour of materials in their mechanical response, and require a deeper thinking about the bases of the theory of continua, and mechanics in general.

Ann Ecol Norm (Paris) 10:187–230 Duhem P (1903) L’évolution de la mécanique (published in seven parts in: Revue générale des sciences, Paris; as a book: A. Joanin, Paris) [English translation: The evolution of mechanics, Sijthoof and Noordhoff, 1980] Duhem P (1906) La théorie physique, Editions Chevalier et Rivière, Paris [English translation: The aim and structure of physical theory. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 1954; paperback reprint, 1991] Duhem P (1908) SOZEIN TA PHAINOMENA, French edn.

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