Criminology and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work by Hugh Barlow, Scott H. Decker

By Hugh Barlow, Scott H. Decker

Crime coverage must be guided via technology instead of ideology, argue Hugh Barlow and Scott Decker during this incisive and unique number of essays. setting up the price and value of linking concept and perform, the members to "Criminology and Public coverage" offer a finished therapy of the main theories in criminology and their implications for legal justice, crime regulate, and the bigger realm of justice. In utilizing theories to actual global concerns - corresponding to lowering crime and violence, prisoner reentry rules, gang habit, and therapy courts - the members take either a macro and micro point method. They locate, too, that it's always tough to show thought into perform. nonetheless, the very test pushes the felony justice method towards achievable options instead of ideological techniques, an orientation the editors think will result in better growth in battling considered one of our society's maximum problems. members contain: Robert Agnew, Ronald L. Akers, Gordon Bazemore, Ronald V. Clarke, J. Heith Copes, Frank Cullen, Marcus Felson, Marie Griffin, Scott Jacques, David Kauzlarich, Jean McGloin, Steven Messner, Alex Piquero, Nicole LeeperPiquero, Nancy Rodriguez, Richard B. Rosenfeld, sunrise Rothe, Andrea Schoepfer, Neal Shover, Cassia Spohn, Katherine Tellis, Charles Tittle, Richard Wright and the editors.

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Extra resources for Criminology and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work

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Criminal and Deviant Motivations In control balance theory, the motivation to employ misbehavior in dealing with an unbalanced control ratio results when the person encounters some provocation that brings to mind his or her control shortfall and, at the same time, he or she comes to realize that deviant (or criminal) behavior may permit the control imbalance to be alleviated, at least temporarily. Motivation does not always follow provocation, but most of the time it does. Moreover, when an individual perceives that deviance may help, the kind of deviance most attractive to him or her at the time is likely to be of the most serious form.

This will not only help individuals avoid acts that might result in negative treatment; it will also increase the perceived justice of the sanctions that are administered. People are also sometimes unaware that negative treatment is more likely in certain circumstances—including certain places, certain times, and around certain people. We might also make people more aware of this fact so they can avoid such circumstances or take other precautions to reduce the likelihood of negative treatment. This already occurs on an informal basis.

Criminal coping is also more likely among those who are low in conventional social support. Such individuals do not have others they can turn to for help, including emotional support, advice, financial assistance, and direct assistance in coping. Criminal coping is more likely among those who are low in social control. Such individuals have less to lose when they cope with strains through crime. Further, criminal coping is more likely among those who hold beliefs favorable to crime. Such beliefs, in fact, often define crime as a justifiable or excusable response to a range of strains, such as provocations by others and the inability to obtain money through legal channels.

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