Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Japan (Routledge in by J. A. A. Stockwin

By J. A. A. Stockwin

The politics of Japan are much less greatly pronounced than its economics. most folk are conscious of the industrial 'miracle' following the second one international conflict, wherein Japan grew to become the second one greatest financial system on the earth after the USA, and the commercial stagnation of the early Nineties is usually renowned. however it is tough to make feel of those phenomena with no wisdom of the political approach and the ways that it really works in perform. Containing an introductory essay, an essay on theories of jap politics and over 250 A-Z entries, the Dictionary of the fashionable Politics of Japan treatments this imbalance, and solutions the necessity for an available paintings of reference bringing jointly details and authoritative research on all points of the politics of Japan and the japanese political system.
Including an absolutely annotated bibliography to lead the consumer to extra examining, the entries are completely cross-referenced and listed, and are supplemented with maps and tables, to make sure that the Dictionary of the trendy Politics of Japan is vital interpreting for all students and scholars of the politics and diplomacy of Japan.

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Government provides benefits to private sector participants, in return for their consistent political support. (p. 25) He argues that accommodation between Government and its opponents ‘occurs at crucial junctures when either the continuance of a given administration’s tenure in office is perceived to be severely threatened or internal political unrest seriously impairs its international credibility’ (p. 25). Thus the end result over the long term tends to be an expansion of the veto power of vested interests over Government.

Van Wolferen’s 1989 book, The Enigma of Japanese Power, probably had the greatest impact of all the writings in this category, in part because of his gift for memorable phrases. The Japanese System of political economy was like a ‘headless chicken’ or a ‘truncated pyramid’, with nobody ultimately in charge. Whereas President Truman had insisted that ‘the buck stops here’, in Japan ‘the buck just keeps on circulating’. But, according to van Wolferen, that did not mean that nothing got done. Rather, there was a System (capital S) that was potentially dangerous, since it had neither pilot nor brakes.

As foreign interests frequently pointed out, bureaucratic regulation— most often informal and opaque—also conspired to minimise foreign penetration of the domestic Japanese market. Okimoto argues that for administrative guidance to work, several conditions need to be fulfilled. The industry concerned should contain few firms and they should be used to interacting with each other. There should be a market-leader. The market should be rather concentrated. The industry should have reached a mature stage in its life cycle.

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