By Professor Dr. Johannes Engelkamp, Dr. Hubert D. Zimmer (auth.)
This ebook offers with the stipulations and the results of the construction of other syntactic sentence buildings. throughout the sixties the syntactic constitution of sentences was once some of the most intensively studied issues in psycholinguistic learn. The dominant curiosity didn't, despite the fact that, lie within the functionality of syntactic constructions yet within the skill to appreciate and to utter them. Later, within the seventies the curiosity shifted to the semantic constitution of sentences. Many stories focused round the structural elements of the repre sentation of data. The major query was once: how can the that means of an utterance be defined? the generally authorised solution was once: the vital unit of which means is the proposition. From this perspective, the purpose of an utter ance is to transmit propositional that means, and syntactic constitution is of inter est basically insofar because it impacts the comprehension of propositional that means. during this booklet either features, i. e. the syntactic and the semantic constitution of sentences were thought of. The dynamic facets of information use and its courting to the syntactic constitution of sentences are completely analysed and studied empirically. the most query is how semantic wisdom is communicated via syntactic constitution. Syntactic constitution has explanations and outcomes. as a rule we imagine that the syntactic constitution displays dynamic points of the data base of the speaker and determines dynamic states within the listener.
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Additional resources for Dynamic Aspects of Language Processing: Focus and Presupposition
2 - knowledge- Q; U o .. 2-knowledge- Q; _o Ol U C .. =t---l~ information Fig. 1. The flow of information between speaker and hearer background of this knowledge. Speaker and hearer give and receive information reciprocally. The information consists in the communication of predicates to concepts. In the extreme case, the predicate merely states the existence of a concept. The parts of the knowledge structures which are involved in this process are thereby activated. 1 illustrates this flow of information between speaker and hearer.
Mean acceptability ratings for active and passive agent cleft sentences, dependent on article usage with the second noun. 05). 14. All other F-values were less than 1. 44 6. Verbal Communication of Given and New Information What interests us here is the influence of the definiteness of the second noun. (The influence of voice will be discussed in Sect. ) As the analysis of variance shows, a simple main effect of article use could not be proved. Rather, there was an interaction between article use and voice.
In all four experiments reported, repetition facilitation was greater for definite than for indefinite determination. There are, of course, exceptions to this rule. One is the use of an indefinite article even though the entity is part of the shared knowledge structure. e . open a separate memory unit for them . ", then B could 'say: "You 'can see that he is holding a tent-pole" . If an object is considered unimportant, it will only be treated as a representative of a class. Therefore, whether the relevant object is known to the hearer or not, we would say "he gives him a nail", rather than "he gives him the nail" , or "he threw a stone through the window" instead of "the stone", etc.