Eco-efficient construction and building materials: Life by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

By Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

Eco-efficient development and development fabrics experiences methods of assessing the environmental impression of building and development fabrics. half one discusses the appliance of existence cycle review (LCA) method to development fabrics in addition to eco-labelling. half comprises case reviews displaying the appliance of LCA method to sorts of construction fabric, from cement and urban to wooden and adhesives utilized in construction. half 3 comprises case stories utilizing LCA method to specific buildings and elements.

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Spray, A. and Parry, T. (2013) Sensitivity analysis of methodological choices in road pavement LCA, Int J Life Cycle Assess 18, 93–101. , Lee, B. and Kurtis, K. (2013) Can nanotechnology be ‘green’? Comparing efficacy of nano and microparticles in cementitious materials, Cement and Concrete Composites 36, 16–24. Johnsen, F. and Løkke, S. (2013) Review of criteria for evaluating LCA weighting methods, Int J Life Cycle Assess 18, 840–849. Kellenberger, D. and Althaus, H. (2009) Relevance of simplifications in LCA of building components, Building and Environment 44, 818–825.

Ayres, L. and Warr, B. 2003. Exergy, power and work in the US economy, 1900 to 1998. Energy, 28, pp. 219–273. Bardi, U. 2005. The mineral economy: a model for the shape of oil production curves. Energy Policy, 33, pp. 53–61. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2014 36 Eco-efficient construction and building materials Bardi, U. and Pagani, M. 2008. Peak minerals. The Oil Drum: Europe. com/node/3086 (accessed August 12, 2009). Bentley, R. 2002. Global oil and gas depletion. Energy Policy, 30, pp. 189–205.

The reserves of the latter substances are so large that no quantification efforts have been devoted to them. Rare earths, with 739 years, followed by iodine with 566, potash with 244, vanadium with 232, platinum group metals with 153 and aluminium with 132 years are the least depleted commodities. The degree of depletion of minerals depends on two factors: the abundance of the considered mineral reserve and the production rates. Minerals such us iodine, aluminium, iron ore or potash have been extracted to a great extent in the past, but remain in abundance.

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