By Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Eco-efficient development and development fabrics experiences methods of assessing the environmental impression of building and development fabrics. half one discusses the appliance of existence cycle review (LCA) method to development fabrics in addition to eco-labelling. half comprises case reviews displaying the appliance of LCA method to sorts of construction fabric, from cement and urban to wooden and adhesives utilized in construction. half 3 comprises case stories utilizing LCA method to specific buildings and elements.
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Additional resources for Eco-efficient construction and building materials: Life cycle assessment (LCA), eco-labelling and case studies
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The reserves of the latter substances are so large that no quantification efforts have been devoted to them. Rare earths, with 739 years, followed by iodine with 566, potash with 244, vanadium with 232, platinum group metals with 153 and aluminium with 132 years are the least depleted commodities. The degree of depletion of minerals depends on two factors: the abundance of the considered mineral reserve and the production rates. Minerals such us iodine, aluminium, iron ore or potash have been extracted to a great extent in the past, but remain in abundance.