By Cindy D. Ness
This edited quantity offers a window at the many forces that constitution and form why girls and women perform terrorism and militancy, in addition to on how states have come to view, deal with, and strategize opposed to them. adult females who perform terrorist acts have traditionally been visible as mounting a problem to the social order via violating traditional notions of gender and gear, and their participation in such acts has tended to be considered as being both as a passive sufferer or a feminist warrior. This quantity seeks to maneuver past those portrayals, to ascertain a number of the structuring stipulations that play an element in a lady or woman’s determination to dedicate violence. Amidst the contextual elements informing her involvement, the quantity seeks additionally to discover the political employer of the feminine terrorist or militant. a number of of the articles are in keeping with examine the place authors had direct touch with woman terrorists or militants who devoted acts of political violence, or with witnesses to such acts.
Read or Download Female Terrorism and Militancy: Agency, Utility, and Organization (Contemporary Terrorism Studies) PDF
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Extra resources for Female Terrorism and Militancy: Agency, Utility, and Organization (Contemporary Terrorism Studies)
When breaking with conventional behavior where gender relations are concerned (women committing violence and appropriating martyr status), the secular terrorist group and the religious terrorist group alike must historicize itself in such a way that its actions are not viewed as a rupture from “decent” behavior but, rather, a transition whereby an old gender value is seen as being given new expression (Schalk, 1997a). Although advocating markedly different blueprints for structuring society, the LTTE on the one hand, and Hamas and Islamic Jihad on the other, both rely heavily on the traditional past in some form or fashion to confer legitimacy on female suicide bombers.
However, here too is found consensus among authors that women have been denied the status proportionate to their real role in the struggle (Khaled, 1995; Kirk, 1997; Helie-Lucas, 1998). For example, Kirk notes that, at its height, the fighting force of the Shining Path was 30–45 percent female, and females held prominent positions throughout the organization. D. Ness is feminist,’ to the contrary ‘It has a highly patriarchal structure, with the founder, Guzman, at the pinnacle’ ” (Kirk, 1997). Despite their importance to the cause, whether in traditional or non-traditional societies, the position of females engaged in political struggle is compromised due to their gender.
Ness incarnation of an LTTE female warrior as a kind of “secluded armed virgin” (Schalk, 1994, 179) makes her martial actions more acceptable to the popular understanding of correct female behavior, removing certain gender distinctions, although leaving other ones safely in place. Although these accommodations have not wholly stifled the debate over whether the role of female, armed freedom fighter is “natural,” they have gone far toward minimizing the sense that such behavior will lead to a major disruption in the social order as it is known.