From Spaniard to Creole: The Archaeology of Cultural by Charles Robin Ewen

By Charles Robin Ewen

While such a lot reports of intercultural touch specialize in the impression of the intrusive energy at the local tradition, this booklet examines the results of the colonization method at the Spaniards within the New global in the course of the sixteenth century. the location of Puerto actual at the north coast of Haiti serves as a case learn. in keeping with the result of excavations at either Puerto genuine and St. Augustine, Florida, this examine means that the creation of latest global and African cultural components into Spanish colonial tradition started nearly at touch. The version of acculturative techniques, built in St. Augustine and demonstrated at Puerto genuine, can serve to steer destiny Spanish colonial examine. it may well even be utilized to non-Hispanic colonial websites within the New global. Did the French and British adapt to their new environments in a way just like the Spanish? paintings performed at Puerto actual demonstrates the software of archaeology within the examine of the results of tradition contact.

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Swidden agriculture provided the villages with most of their food. Plants such as manioc, maize, and yams were grown in cleared plots. Protein was consumed primarily in the form of marine species; terrestrial animals were generally small and scattered. The Spanish were at first welcomed by the natives of Hispaniola. Columbus (in Sauer 1966:32) wrote that he had developed a great friendship with the King of the Land [Guacanagari] who took pride in calling me brother and considered me to be such: and even though they should change their mind, neither he nor his people know what arms are ...

In a country with little in the way of wood, this is not unusual. The peasant home, as described by Defourneaux, (1979:103) was even simpler: The furniture comprised a roughly made table and some wooden benches. The beds often consisted only of a simple plank or one simply slept on the floor. In a corner of the main room was the hearth, where occasionally a brushwood fire was lit-nearly everywhere wood was rare and expensive. The hearth, a brazier, was the principal source of warmth in all Spanish homes.

The fall of the north corresponded with the situation on the island as a whole and can be traced to the Spanish preoccupation with silver and gold. After the initial gold frenzy on Hispaniola had died down, it became a base for further exploration. When the real mineral wealth of the New World was discovered on the mainland, the population drain began in earnest (Andrews 1978:54). The mainland gold rush did more than just draw off manpower; it diverted shipping away from the less-profitable island ports.

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