Geomorphology of Central America: A Syngenetic Perspective by Jean Pierre Bergoeing

By Jean Pierre Bergoeing

Geomorphology of significant America is authored through a scientist with greater than 30 years of local evaluate learn adventure in significant American international locations, arming scientists with a vintage study method—a strategy optimal whilst utilized to precise geographic areas globally. The medical strategies used for assessing neighborhood experiences of a space mirror a degree of workmanship that has turn into tougher to return via during the last 3 a long time and underscores the significance of neighborhood checks of geomorphological gains.

Complemented with superbly crafted and exacting maps that seize the region’s special landscapes, Geomorphology of relevant America introduces a world imaginative and prescient of the geomorphology and volcanic box of relevant the United States from Guatemala to Panama, making it the 1st unmarried resource of geomorphological content material for the region.

  • Features the newest examine at the seismic habit of the principal the US quarter, together with volcanic task, landslides, rivers, woodland components, and topographic environments.
  • More than a hundred figures, illustrations, and pictures underscore key recommendations and relief in retention.
  • Authored via a geomorphologist with greater than 30 years of analysis event within the box with a spotlight on primary America.

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It is made up of sedimentary rocks reaching considerable thickness—up to 19,685 ft. It is folded and cut by numerous tectonic faults, a product of the Laramian Orogeny. Limestone is abundant, which was affected in part by karst processes (Atima Formation). The central mountain range is crossed by many ranges, including the Sierra Gallinero; the prestigious Copan Mayan ruins are located in the Santa Rosa plateau. Yojoa Lake is located in Sierra de Monticello, between the Departments of Comayagua, Cortes, and Santa Barbara.

They are volcanic deposits of the end of the Pleistocene, composed of andesitic lava flows resting on coral reefs as well as tuffs (Smithsonian Institution, GVP, volcano information). The interior of the island presents a myriad of swamps and dolines. The vegetation is characterized by mangroves, with outstanding species like Laguncularia racemosa, Veranus indicus, Emeia trocostata, and Boija ­dendrofila, to name a few (Gutsche, 2005). 3). THE NARROW PLAINS The narrow plains are located in northern Honduras bordering the Caribbean Sea, and are progressively widening eastward.

8 Atitlan collapsed caldera and Lake San Pedro volcanic cone at right; Toliman volcano at left in the foreground; Atitlan volcano behind. All the volcanoes are in activity. Photo courtesy of Tom Pfiffer, www. com. 9 Fuego volcano's pyroclastic flows descending to the base of the cone during the September 13, 2012 eruption. sv. Agua Volcano The Agua stratovolcano rises to an altitude of 12,335 ft, east of the Fuego volcanic complex. It has been inactive since the sixteenth century. It has a northward opening crater, forming a perfect cone that is bordered by a much-eroded old volcanic structure, which is located between the cities of San Pedro de Las Huertas and Amatitlan, and which corresponds to an old volcanic cone.

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