Geotechnical Centrifuge Technology by R.N. Taylor

By R.N. Taylor

This booklet presents an intensive overview of this strong and complex strategy for modelling soil constitution interactions. it's been written by way of a world staff of authors.

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Foulis, pp. 417–440. L. (1951) Dimensional Analysis and Theory of Models. John Wiley, New York. V. and Savvidou, C. (1984) The effects of heat transfer from a hot penetrator installed in the ocean bed. Symp. Application of Centrifuge Modelling to Geotechnical Design, University of Manchester, pp. 336–355. Balkema, Rotterdam. K. (1979) The scaling law relationship—Panel Discussion. Proc. 7th Eur. Conf. Soil Mech. Found. , Brighton, No. 4, pp. 319–323. , Tani, K, Morimoto, T. A. (1991) Progressive failure and particle size effect in bearing capacity of a footing in sand.

Other loadings such as blast, impact and seismic loading require different approaches. Wave loading of offshore structures was the basis of a great deal of centrifuge work in the 1970s and 1980s. The whole gamut of offshore structure platforms has been simulated—gravity platforms, piled structures, jack-ups, components of tension leg platforms. In virtually every case, wave loads were simulated mechanically and model structures were subjected to various static and cyclic loading or displacement patterns produced by pneumatic rams, electric motors or hydraulic actuators.

Centrifuge modelling has been used extensively for geotechnical studies, and is also being applied to more general civil engineering studies including rock mechanics, hydraulics, structures and cold regions. Most of the considerations presented in this chapter are also applicable to these research areas. 2 Geotechnical centrifuges There are many different types of centrifuges, used for example in material processing, aeronautics and motion simulation. 1 Types of beam centrifuge platform: left, fixed; centre, restrained; right, swinging.

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