Grassroots Social Security in Asia: Mutual Aid, by James Midgley, Mitsuhiko Hosaka

By James Midgley, Mitsuhiko Hosaka

Grassroots Social safeguard in Asia investigates the function of mutual institutions in delivering source of revenue defense to low-income humans in Asia and particularly the region's constructing nations. traditionally, those institutions have consisted of small teams of individuals with universal pursuits who retailer on a regular basis to help, preserve and complement their earning. contributors make general contributions to a communal fund that is used to supply source of revenue safeguard after they adventure monetary hardship.

This ebook is the 1st to comprehensively rfile the actions of mutual institutions and their microinsurance courses in Asia the place those courses are particularly good constructed. It offers a few very important case reviews that offer certain information regarding mutual institutions in several components of the area, overlaying South Asia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Mongolia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The case experiences supply very important insights into the opportunity of mutual institutions to provide powerful source of revenue security and the way their actions can give a contribution to the formula of entire and powerful grassroots social defense recommendations within the constructing global that make a tangible contribution to the aim of poverty eradication and the development of criteria of living.

This ebook can be of curiosity to coverage makers, teachers and scholars within the fields of Asian experiences, Social protection experiences and improvement reviews.


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Extra resources for Grassroots Social Security in Asia: Mutual Aid, Microinsurance and Social Welfare

Sample text

As with commercial insurance, mutual aid may create a moral hazard 32 James Midgley by which some individuals fail to take adequate steps to manage risk in the knowledge that they are protected by others. In addition, in knowing that they will be assisted, they fail to take adequate precautions to prevent risks from occurring. They also tend to rely excessively on cooperative activities. The free-rider problem may also occur by which some individuals benefit from mutual aid without contributing to local cooperative activities efforts.

State, Society and the Poor in Nineteenth Century England. New York: St Martin’s Press. Lim, Y. and Townsend, R. (1998). ’ Review of Economic Dynamics 1(1), 59–118. Little, K. (1957). ’American Anthropologist 59(4), 579–596. Little, K. (1965). West African Urbanization: A Study of Voluntary Associations in Social Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. K. (1990). Stokvels in South Africa. Johannesburg: Amagi Books. Mesa-Lago, C. (1978). Social Security in Latin America. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Although all four perspectives offer valuable insights into mutual aid in the Global South, their interpretations focus on particular dimensions of mutual aid and thus provide only partial accounts of the nature and scope of these activities. Obviously, these different perspectives need to be systematically integrated if mutual aid is to be fully comprehended. Although this task still needs to be undertaken, scholarly inquiry into mutual aid has revealed its complexity. While it is helpful to understand mutual aid in terms of the types and features of different associations, the different perspectives discussed here promote a deeper appreciation of its functions, of how it reflects gender realities, provides income protection and meets the financial needs of ordinary people.

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