By Paul E. Minton
This glorious quantity combines loads of info simply formerly on hand from many various assets right into a unmarried, informative quantity. It provides evaporation expertise because it exists this day. even supposing evaporation is without doubt one of the oldest unit operations, it's also a space with dramatic adjustments within the final area century. even if different tools of separation can be found, evaporation continues to be the easiest procedure for plenty of functions. All elements has to be evaluated to be able to choose the easiest evaporator kind. This booklet should be super valuable in comparing and figuring out which evaporation know-how will meet a specific set of necessities.
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Additional info for Handbook of Evaporation Technology
There A6 are different free-convection surface. In region by condensing regime indicates increased liquid where boiling heating surface in the liquid This and restrict is characterized regular intervals. limit breaking boiling. are dissipated. Point D marks the upper (DE) after more bubbles rapidly and is indicated liquid of nucleate away from near the slightly boiling. resistance This difference is of the in region B’C, the nucleate so rapidly supply pool. the surface. rise to the surface from that they reaching The transition by the release of large patches The thermal In region surface and are dis- As the temperature are formed a fresh of the fluid surface is superheated on the heat-transfer form Eventually in Figure 7-11.
20 Handbook of Evaporation Technology Heat Transfer Inside Horizontal Tubes: Condensation laminar dicted assuming two mechanisms: dominated condensation in which For laminar condensation tube film condensation on the stratified is negligible. assumed without The actual this heat higher of the values calculated For stratified the two-phase Consequently, condensing inside horizontal film condensation flow the further assumption layer of liquid running being approximately in Evaporators layer transfer tubes can be preand vapor shear is in the annular region.
Free-convection currents transfer internal energy stored in the fluid in essentially the same manner as forced-convection currents. However, the intensity of the mixing motion is generally less in free convection, and consequently the heat-transfer coefficients are lower than in forced convection. 43) m n 2/3 314 516 l/3 l/2 213 Nucleate Boiling: High rates of heat transfer are obtained under nucleate boiling. The mechanism has not yet been clearly established, but, as a result of considerable activity in the field of nucleate boiling, there are available several expressions from which reasonable values of the film coefficients may be obtained.