By Harald Atmanspacher, Gerhard J. Dalenoort
In our day-by-day lives we conceive of our environment as an objectively given fact. the area is perceived via our senses, and ~hese supply us, so we think, with a devoted picture of the realm. yet occ~ipnally we're pressured to achieve that our senses mislead us, e. g. , by means of illusions. For it slow it used to be believed that the feeling of colour is at once r~lated to the frequency of sunshine waves, until eventually E. Land (the inventor of the polaroid digicam) confirmed in designated experiments that our belief of, say, a coloured spot relies on the colours of its surrounding. however, we may perhaps event hallucinations or goals as genuine. particularly obviously, the connection among the "world" and our "brain" is complex. one other unusual challenge is the way we understand time or the "Now". Psychophysical experiments let us know that the mental "Now" is a longer time period within the experience of physics. the placement used to be made nonetheless extra difficult whilst, within the nineteen-twenties, Heisenberg and others discovered that, through staring at approaches within the microscopic international of electrons and different uncomplicated debris, we strongly intrude with that international. the result of experiments - a minimum of regularly - can merely be estimated statistically. what's the nature ofthis unusual dating among "object" and "observer"? this is often one other the most important challenge of the inside-outside or endo-exo dichotomy.
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Additional resources for Inside Versus Outside: Endo- and Exo-Concepts of Observation and Knowledge in Physics, Philosophy and Cognitive Science
If objectification is an essential issue, why not subjectification? My provisional answer at this point is that subjectification, although often used as a notion to account for some dualistic counterpart to objectification, does not provide anything new in principle. Expressed simply, it merely separates the subject instead of the object from the rest of the universe of discourse. A major conceptual transformation would, however, be realized if the endo-exo transition (corresponding to objectification) were reversed into an exo-endo transition.
Hanser, Miinchen 1985 32 Harald Atmanspacher 12. J. Hadamard: The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. Dover, New York 1954 13. A. ): The Philosophy of Karl Popper, 2 Volumes. ) 1974, see in particular pp. 961-1197 14. H. Primas: The Cartesian cut, the Heisenberg cut, and disentangled observers. In Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1992: Wolfgang Pauli as a Philosopher, ed. V. Laurikainen and C. Montonen, World Scientific, Singapore 1993, in press 15. W. Pauli: N aturwissenschaftliche und erkenntnistheoretische Aspekte der Ideen vom Unbewufiten, Dialectica 8 (1954) p.
1. Bruce Sawhill drew my attention to the relationship between internal space and gauge theoretical concepts. He and Herbert Scheingraber suggested a number of revisions to improve the readability of the text. 5ME94AjE. References 1. R. Shea: The Magic of Numbers and Motion. ) 1991 2. Y. Elkana: Wandlungen in der realistischen Wissenschaftsphilosophie vom viktorianischen Baconismus bis heute. In Anthropologie der Erkenntnis, by Y. Elkana, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt 1986, pp. 217-249 3. R. Descartes: Meditationes de Prima Philosophia.