By G. W. de Wit (auth.), M. Goovaerts, F. de Vylder, J. Haezendonck (eds.)

Canadian monetary associations were in fast switch long ago 5 years. in line with those adjustments, the dept of Finance issued a dialogue paper: The law of Canadian monetary associations, in April 1985, and the govt intends to introduce laws within the fall. This paper studi.es the combinantion of monetary associations from the perspective of wreck chance. In threat conception built to explain insurance firms [1,2,3,4,5J, the damage chance of a firm with preliminary reserve (capital) u is 6 1 -:;-7;;f3 u 1jJ(u) = H6 e H6 (1) Here,we think that says arrive as a Poisson procedure, and the declare quantity is shipped as exponential distribution with expectation liS. 6 is the loading, i.e., top rate charged is (1+6) instances anticipated claims. monetary associations are handled as "insurance companies": the variation among curiosity charged and curiosity paid is considered charges, mortgage defaults are handled as claims.

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Get the outcome i(l). i(l». Furthermore. we may accomplish a "complete" simulation. I(l). -It is trivial that a probabilistic simulation model (in particular a simulation code) can be easily transformed into a deterministic one by choosing for every random variable a distribution function that attaches the whole unit probability mass in only one point. e. in the desired sure value. Such a transformation may be useful during the debugging of the model. since it provides the researcher with a simple tool in order to empiricallY test.

1) or in assuming links among the variables simpler than the reality may suggest. 2. 1 From a mathematical point of view, a model may have the following form: or the extensive form: ... •• ,Xs are the "data" (the inputs) of the model. Y1 , •• ·, Yr are the "results" (the outputs) of the model. Generally, the oata are random numbers and therefore the results will also be random numbers. Our knowledge about the data of the model will be expressed in terms of a joint probability distribution. 1. 1).

Explicit formulas are obtained for exponential and quadratic utility functions. An alternative solution for n = 2 is given in section 6, where it is assumed that company 2 (the "reinsurer") has the monopoly. In section 7 the optimal purchase of reinsurance is discussed; a general answer can be given in terms of the first insurer's utility function and the gradient of the reinsurer's principle of premium calculation. In section 8 we consider again n companies. A given risk should be fully insured such that the total premium is a minimum.