Japan's Dual Civil Society: Members Without Advocates by Robert Pekkanen

By Robert Pekkanen

Scanned and OCRed book

This publication presents an summary of the country of Japan's civil society and a brand new concept, in accordance with political associations, to give an explanation for why Japan differs lots from different industrialized democracies. It bargains a brand new interpretation of why Japan's civil society has constructed because it has, with many small, neighborhood teams yet few huge, professionally controlled nationwide businesses. The ebook additional asks what the implications of that trend of improvement are for Japan's coverage and politics. the writer persuasively demonstrates that political institutions—the regulatory framework, monetary flows, and the political chance structure—are answerable for this trend, with the end result that civil teams have little probability of influencing nationwide coverage debates. The phenomenon of “members with no advocates” therefore has huge, immense implications for democratic participation in Japan.

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Here, the dual civil society pattern is extensively documented. This chapter (as well as Chapters 3 and 6) also presents new analyses and new support from two data sets on civil society (see the Appendix). Chapter 3 details the regulatory framework that makes up an important part of the political institutional explanation. The chapter describes not just the laws, but also the financial flows and tax regulations that constitute the framework. Chapter 4 examines small civil society groups, primarily through a case study of neighborhood associations.

Along similar lines, a comparison of the 20 largest foundations in the United States and Japan reveals an analogous difference in size. The Sasakawa Peace Foundation (Sasakawa Heiwa Zaidan) is the largest foundation in Japan, with total assets of 73 billion yen ($730 million). 10). S. foundations in terms of asset size. The largest is the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, with over $21 billion in assets. S. foundation, the Ford Foundation, has assets more than 10 times the size of the largest Japanese foundation, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.

5 Top ten Japanese civil society groups in international development by membership Group name Plan International Japan WWF Japan World Vision Japan (WVJ) Minsai Center Japan International Food for the Hungry (JIFH) Amnesty International Japanese Section (AIJ) Japan Overseas Christian Medical Cooperative Service (JOCS) Asian Health Institute Medicine Sans Frontieres (MSF-Japon) Christian Child Welfare Association International Sponsorship Program (CCWA) SOURCE: Number of members 56,800 54,000 13,828 13,000 11,713 8,690 7,800 7,512 7,437 6,300 NGO Seido Suishin Sentaa 1996; JANIC 2000.

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