By John A. Winterdyk
''A comparative research of teenage justice structures, this e-book good points the contributions of foreign specialists. subject matters comprise the historical past of adlescent justice, the character and standing of delinquency, and the way good present laws complies with the traditional minimal principles of the management of minor Justice as outlined via the UN. The publication additionally discusses age limits for juvenile offenders, felony and social concerns, and theoretical concerns. It allows readers to match the relative strengths and weaknesses of alternative juvenile justice versions and to check all nations in gentle of the bigger overseas phenomena of delinquency''--
''A comparative research of teen justice structures, this booklet good points the contributions of foreign specialists. subject matters for every nation represented contain the background of teenage justice, the character and standing of delinquency, present laws and the way good the laws complies with the normal minimal ideas of the management of teenage Justice as outlined through the UN, age limits for juvenile offenders, criminal and social matters, and theoretical issues. The booklet permits readers to check the relative strengths and weaknesses of alternative juvenile justice types, and to check all nations in gentle of the bigger overseas phenomena of delinquency''-- Read more...
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Extra info for Juvenile Justice: International Perspectives, Models and Trends
Recorded executions of child offenders since 1990: Statistics. org/en/death-penalty/executions-of-child-offenders-since-1990. Ariès, P. (1962). Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. New York: Vintage. Atkinson, L. (1997). Juvenile justice in Australia. In Juvenile justice systems: International perspectives, Ed. J. Winterdyk, pp. 29–54. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press. Bailleau, F. and Cartuyvels, Y. ). (2010). The Criminalization of Juvenile Justice in Europe, Turkey, and Canada.
In the case of youths who reoffend, their probation officer is entitled to be present and to be heard at the main trial (§ 40 Juvenile Court Act). In this way, the probation officer is able to provide necessary information to the court on which to base the most effective sanction (Schroll 2010). At the same time, he/she is also entitled to abstain from any statement in court to protect his/her client. In addition to these reports, medical or psychological expert opinions can be obtained to help in establishing the young offender’s situation and to support court decisions.
Avoiding Financial Burdens Affecting the Offender’s Personal Development in Future Alongside the limitations to fines mentioned earlier, the provisions on reimbursement of costs of the proceedings are limited in favor of juveniles and young adults (§ 45 Juvenile Court Act). ” Juvenile offenders up to the age of 18 have to be brought into juveniles’ sections/ prisons. Offenders who are not yet 22 years of age may start serving their sentence in the juvenile penal system, if there will be no negative effects on juvenile inmates.