Language, Ideology and Japanese History Textbooks by Christopher Barnard

By Christopher Barnard

The japanese background textbook debate is one who retains making the inside track, quite with regards to claims that Japan hasn't ever 'apologised competently' for its activities among 1931 and 1945, and that it's one of many few liberal, democratic international locations within which textbooks are managed and accredited through the relevant govt. There are widespread protests, either from inside of Japan and from in another country, biased, nationalistic heritage is taught in eastern colleges. this can be the 1st time that every one the permitted textbooks presently in use were analysed utilizing a serious discourse that's anchored firmly within the conception of 'language inside of society', elucidating the meanings and linked ideologies created via the language of the textbooks.

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Extra resources for Language, Ideology and Japanese History Textbooks

Example text

Thus, ‘the boy who is tall’ can also be expressed as ‘the tall boy’. In the former case, there is a noun phrase containing an embedded ‘who’ clause, and in the latter case a noun phrase containing an adjective and a noun. Nevertheless, ‘the boy who is tall’ and ‘the tall boy’ behave in the same way grammatically: simply as noun phrases that can be the subject, object, etc. of a sentence: 12 The tall boy is my friend. 13 The boy who is tall is my friend. 14 I like the tall boy. 15 I like the boy who is tall.

The second Wakatsuki cabinet, which had been inaugurated in April, decided on a policy of non-escalation of the incident, but the Kwantung army expanded the area of occupation. The newspapers and other media, supporting the actions of the military and guiding public opinion, the people were carried away by xenophobia. The transitivity labelling for part of the above is given below (abbreviated for the sake of simplicity and brevity): 18 Ishiwara Kanji/Itagaki Seishiroo wa Ishiwara Kanji and Itagaki Seishiroo Actor Ryuujooko de at Liutiaohu Circumstance of location Mantetsu no senro o the tracks of the Manchurian Railway Goal bakuha-saseta caused an explosion Material process Ishiwara Kanji and Itagaki Seishiroo caused an explosion of the tracks of the Manchurian Railway at Liutiaohu Introduction 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 19 41 Kantoo-gun wa The Kwantung army Actor Chuugoku-gun ni against the Chinese army Circumstance of motion towards koogeki o attacks Goal kuwae launching Material process The Kwantung army, launching attacks against the Chinese army 20 (Kantoo-gun wa) (The Kwantung army) (Actor) shuyootoshi o the major towns Goal senryoo-shita occupied Material process (The Kwantung army) occupied the major towns 21 Wakatsuki-naikaku wa The Wakatsuki cabinet Senser fukakudai-hooshin o a policy of non-escalation Phenomenon kettei-shita decided on Mental process The Wakatsuki cabinet decided on a policy of non-escalation 42 Introduction 22 Shinbun nado masukomi wa The newspapers and other media Actor gunbu no koodoo o the actions of the military Goal shiji-shi supporting Material process The newspapers and other media, supporting the actions of the military 23 (Shinbun nado masukomi wa) (The newspapers and other media) (Actor) yoron o public opinion Goal yuudoo-shi guiding Material process (The newspapers and other media,) guiding public opinion For me, one thing that stands out in this text is the identification of two particular individuals as Actors, but then after these two individuals have been specifically identified, after the spotlight has been turned on them, there is a blurring of human agency.

This book was heavily criticized for, among other things, not dealing frankly with the Nanking Massacre and the issue of the sex slaves, and for presenting a nationalistic and Emperor-centred view of history. There were official protests from China and South Korea (Asahi Shimbun, 8 May 2001) and specific requests for corrections made by the Chinese Foreign Ministry regarding (Asahi Shimbun, 18 May 2001) for example, the painting of an idealized picture of the economic growth of Manchuria to the exclusion of mention of the Japanese forcible seizure of land and germ warfare experiments carried out on Chinese citizens by the notorious Unit 731 of the Japanese army, and the casting of doubt on the extent and veracity of the Rape of Nanking by means of exaggerating the importance of a very limited number of minority opinions which argue that a major massacre did not occur, and the final historical verdict has not yet been rendered on Nanking.

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