Latino Police Officers in the United States: An Examination by Martin Guevara Urbina

By Martin Guevara Urbina

Contemplating the enduring and intricate historical past of U.S. race and ethnic family, the a number of array of matters at the moment confronting either ethnic and racial groups, and the transferring traits within the ethnic/racial panorama, this ebook seeks to supply a finished account of the simultaneous interplay of urgent ancient and modern forces shaping the Latino event in addition to police-minority kin to higher comprehend the present kingdom of policing and achieve additional perception into the longer term function of Latino police in American legislation enforcement around the state. Delineating the confines of policing a hugely diversified and multicultural society within the twenty-first century, this booklet conjoins ancient, theoretical, and empirical research-placing Latino policing inside of a broader legislations enforcement and neighborhood context. significant themes comprise the necessity for Latino cops; employment of Latino officials by way of federal, kingdom, and native legislations enforcement firms; Chicano law enforcement officials operating within the Latino group; Latino officials, coverage, perform, and ethnic realities; Mexican American legislation enforcement; bridging the gaps, destiny learn, and alter in American associations; coverage techniques towards a brand new police strength; and the way forward for Latino officials within the American police. extra concerns highlighted comprise racial/ethnic profiling, police brutality, underpolicing, and overpolicing which problem the hunt for illustration, equality, justice, and due method. eventually, the contributing authors display that the inability of data on Latino police and the general American police isn't inevitable, and hence the e-book concludes with coverage and learn innovations to aid bridge this long-neglected void; finally, the production of a brand new police strength for the twenty-first century. The textual content represents a so much well timed and crucial software for all degrees of policing, legislation enforcement directors, legal justice educators, civic managers, criminologists, sociologists, and others vested in police reform.

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Extra info for Latino Police Officers in the United States: An Examination of Emerging Trends and Issues

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Consequently, in plain twenty-first century, the Mexican American and overall Latino story remains incomplete in our fields of modern knowledge, as their truths and realities have been skewed or omitted from the pages of history and remain hidden in the shadows of the past, which must be unearthed if we are to capture the essence of the governing dynamics of the American police in their totality. , 2014), resulting in a legacy of hate, violence, and oppression that gravely escalated after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 (Almaguer, 2008; Bender, 2003; De León, 1983; Gómez, 2000; Mirandé, 1987).

Commission on Civil Rights, 1993), an essential strategy as Latinos are projected as the upcoming majority. However, while the country has been going through significant ethnic/racial demographic shifts, the numbers of Latinos in law enforcement are increasing but still remain underrepresented. During the late 1980s, Latinos were less than 5 percent of police officers, and only around 9 percent of local law enforcement (police and sheriff’s departments) by 2003; though, reportedly, with diversification of some police forces beginning to correlate with the proportion of Latinos in the community (Alozie & Ramírez, 1999), as departments serving cities with populations with more than 1 million people having more than 19 percent of sworn Latino officers (Hickman & Reaves, 2003).

Mitchell Miller (2009) reports, the failure to protect an entire segment of the population and directly observing lawlessness in brutal action against Latinos during the Zoot Suit Riots may have furthered shaped the relationship between the LAPD and members of the Mexican American community. James Diego Vigil’s (2002) ethnographic studies found that many law-abiding but impoverished ethnic minority residents in East Los Angeles shared a hostile attitude toward police due to poor police-community relations.

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