By David Race
For over 40 years Wolf Wolfensberger has been an important determine on the planet of human providers, in particular within the box of studying incapacity. His paintings on normalization and citizen advocacy within the overdue Nineteen Sixties and early Seventies has been said via supporters and critics alike to were basic to advancements in a few nations, such a lot significantly his followed state, and the united states, Canada, Australasia, and the united kingdom. His extra paintings in constructing the idea of social position valorization, the successor to normalisation, and as a commentator on broader developments in society and their results on weak humans and providers for them has ensured his position as an important voice for values and the human worthy of every body. by no means scared of controversy, his perspectives have introduced him into clash with institutional vested pursuits and radical teams alike.In management and alter in Human providers David Race introduces the reader to Wolfensberger's key principles via a sequence of extracts, with observation, from his released paintings. during the edited choice, the emphasis is on putting Wolfensburger's paintings in modern context and reading its carrying on with relevance this present day. together with a entire bibliography of Wolfensburger's written output, this text deals a useful resource of connection with all these excited by the new background of the human providers.
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Extra resources for Leadership and Change in the Human Services: Selected Readings from Wolf Wolfensberger
Services to them get put in locations where valued people do not want to be; devalued people get placed with other people whom society also does not want; image-degrading language is used with or about them, and image-degrading names get given to their services; 32 The analysis of devaluation and wounding 7 8 9 10 11 elements of their personal appearance that attract negative attention are not addressed, or their deviant appearance may even be enlarged by people in charge of their lives; services to them are funded by appeals that are imagetainting.
The motives have been varied, and have included disappointment, frustration, hostility, pity, etc. However, it is not often that a middle-class parent not merely destroys his own child, but also commits the highly symbolic act of discarding the child literally in the garbage, as has happened recently in a large North American city. As Buddenhagen (1971) points out, there may be similar symbolism in the fact that severe aversive punishment is particularly apt to be used with the retarded, and perhaps for reasons which are not quite conscious.
The concept of deviancy has been elaborated in the recent past by social scientists, and it is a very useful one. A person can be said to be deviant if he is perceived as being significantly different from others in some aspect that is considered of relative importance, and if this difference is negatively valued. An overt and negatively valued characteristic that is associated with the deviancy is called a ‘stigma’. g. Farber, 1968) do not consider the terms ‘deviant’ and ‘deviancy’ as appropriate for some groups, such as the retarded, because to these sociologists, the definition of deviancy implies an intent to be deviant.