By Richard S. Hanson (auth.), J. Colin Murrell, Howard Dalton (eds.)
Methane and its oxidation product, methanol, have occupied a massive place within the chemical for a few years: the previous as a feedstock, the latter as a first-rate chemical from which many items are produced. extra lately, the function performed by way of methane as a effective "greenhouse" gasoline has aroused massive realization from environmentalists and clima tologists alike. This function for C compounds has, after all, been particularly 1 incidental to the myriad of microorganisms in the world that experience tailored their life-styles to use those on hand am bient assets. Methane, a renewable strength resource that would continuously be with us, is basically a tough molecule to turn on; so any microorganism which can impression this can element easy methods to catalytic chemists searching for con trollable methane oxidation. Methanol, shaped as a breakdown made of plant fabric, can be ubiquitous and has additionally inspired the expansion of prokaryotes and eukaryotes alike. In an try to supply a balanced view of ways microorganisms were capable of make the most those easy carbon resources, we've got requested a host ofleading scientists (modesty forbids our personal inclusion the following) to give a contribution chapters on their expert components of the subject.
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Extra resources for Methane and Methanol Utilizers
The Methylococcaceae A diverse group of rod- and coccal-shaped organisms having in common the ability to utilize methane (via methane monooxygenase) as a sole carbon and energy source under aerobic or microaerophilic conditions. Facultative methane 45 46 PETER N. 012 26 2 2 MCS 1 2 3 ,-------14 54 57 OBBP 81 4 5 Figure 3. The taxonomic dendrogram based on protein gel electrophoretograms of methanotrophs. MB, Methylobacter; MM, Methylomonas; Me, Methylococcus; MS, Methylosinus; MeS, Methylocystis.
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Gen. Microbiol. 129:2629-2634. Tsien, H. , Brusseau, G. A, Brusseau, R. , Hanson, R. , 1989, INTRODUCTION Biodegradation of trichloroethylene by MethylosinWi trichosporium OB3b, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:2960-2964. , Tsien, H. , Hanson, R. , DePalma, S. , 1990, The 16S-like ribosomal RNA sequence analysis for determining phylogenetic relationships among methylotrophs,]. Gen. Microbial. 136:1-10. Vogel, T. , and McCarty, P. , 1985, Biotransformation of tetrachloroethylene to trichloroethylene, dichloroethylene, vinyl chloride and carbon dioxide under methanogenic conditions, Appl.