By Florence Gaub
This e-book examines the position of multiethnic armies in post-conflict reconstruction, and demonstrates how they could advertise peacebuilding efforts.
The writer demanding situations the idea that multiethnic composition ends up in weak spot of the army, and exhibits how a multiethnic military is often the impetus for peacemaking in multiethnic societies. 3 case experiences (Nigeria, Lebanon and Bosnia-Herzegovina) make certain that instead of exterior components, it's the inner buildings that make or holiday the army establishment in a socially not easy surroundings. The e-book reveals that the place the political will is current, the multiethnic army can turn into a logo of reconciliation and coexistence. moreover, it indicates that the army as a certified id can supersede ethnic concerns and therefore allows cooperation in the military regardless of a antagonistic post-conflict surroundings. during this, the e-book demanding situations common theories approximately ethnic identities and places expert identities on an equivalent footing with them.
The e-book might be of significant curiosity to scholars of army reports, ethnic clash, clash reports and peacebuilding, and IR in general
Florence Gaub is a Researcher and Lecturer on the NATO Defence collage in Rome. She holds a PhD in foreign Politics from Humboldt college, Berlin.
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This publication examines the position of multiethnic armies in post-conflict reconstruction, and demonstrates how they could advertise peacebuilding efforts. the writer demanding situations the belief that multiethnic composition results in weak spot of the army, and indicates how a multiethnic military is often the impetus for peacemaking in multiethnic societies.
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Extra resources for Military Integration after Civil Wars: Multiethnic Armies, Identity and Post-Conflict Reconstruction
Officers in categories (1) and (2) were dismissed from the army and incarcerated. 87 Also, they were subject to a four-year probation period. 88 Of these 65, 57 accepted the offer and were reintegrated. ’92 Declaring the absence of the Ibo officers as a mere ‘misfortune’, and performing a ceremony that welcomed them back, underlines the Nigerian Army’s stance on the reintegration of these men. Rather than excluding them, the armed forces decided to treat the Biafran war as an act of indiscipline, which would be forgiven and forgotten.
Rather than concluding from the 1966 outbreaks that multiethnicity in general, or mixed units, were not feasible, it returned to the concepts applied before. One can deduce from this that within the armed forces themselves, the reason for the violence had been identified as something other than ethnicity. The conviction that a multiethnic army is not only feasible but also necessary prevailed throughout the most difficult moments of the young state, and led to measures that enforced the army’s multiethnic character.
73 In this way ethnicity returned, albeit not as a quota, to the armed forces and became a definite criterion for promotions and appointments. The civilian government thus reintroduced what the military government had tried specifically to avoid – namely, ethnicity as a military value. Promotions, as well as retirements, elections for in- service training and staff courses, representation at the defence headquarters general staff and command of troops, followed the same guidelines. 74 The issue of promotions in the Nigerian Army had been a centre of discord ever since the emergence of Nigeria as an independent country.