By Willy Østreng (auth.), Willy Østreng (eds.)
The easy target of this document is to put the talk in regards to the way forward for the Northern Sea direction into the bigger photograph of Arctic politics and the rising time table of the Arctic as a constructing sector in foreign society. nationwide safety and foreign environmental cooperation, are the items of analysis hired, either individually and in quite a few conceptual mixtures, to achieve this goal. to aid me during this, i used to be privileged to attract at the profound services of my hugely esteemed co-authors, Professor Franklyn Griffiths on the collage of Toronto and Senior Researchers at IMEMO in Moscow: Raphael Vartanov, Alexei Roginko and Alexander Kolossov. To their cooperative spirit, friendship and good contributions to this file, ( am deeply indebted. The record is the results of a number of contributions, either when it comes to substance and investment, extending some distance past the inputs of the group of authors. the pro enter and thorough paintings 'behind the scene' performed by way of Liv Astrid Sverdrup, Researcher at FNI at an early degree of the venture, has been important. Senior advisor Kjell Moe on the Norwegian Polar Institute additionally supplied important reviews and enhancements to the organic elements of the Introductory bankruptcy, when Senior advisor Ann Skarstad at FNI, labored wonders with the language for these people now not having English as our mom tongue. Claes Lykke Ragner, Deputy head of the (NSROP secretariat, and Dr.
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Extra info for National Security and International Environmental Cooperation in the Arctic — the Case of the Northern Sea Route
This reinforced a pre-existing segmentation ofthe region into national compartments with little or no interaction between the activities taking place within each of them 34 • Most parties kept to themselves and their own territories, trying, most of the time, to avoid direct contact and interaction across the East-West divide, also, though to a much lesser extent, between the western compartments. 35 The Arctic rim states became nationalgeographic in their Arctic engagements, leaving the region, in political terms, segmented.
It was the place where military man did not have anything to do, or anywhere to go when he arrived there. The harsh climatic conditions and the abundance of moving sea ice made up an effective barrier to prevent any military invasion across Willy @streng 22 the Arctic Ocean. Nature sufficed to provide secure northern borders for all the five Arctic states. During and after the Second World War this situation changed quite dramatically. Developments in military technology during the war and the geostrategic location of the Arctic Ocean in between the superpowers, made the Arctic a suitable deployment area for strategic, high-tech weapons systems.
Thus, military imbalances and asymmetries should as a long term goal be eliminated. Second, common problems of a transboundary nature ecological, economic or whatever - can only be resolved through international cooperation. The increased complexity and interdependence Willy @streng 30 between states had, according to Gorbachev, created a need to develop a comprehensive system of international security based on a mechanism capable of discussing common problems in a responsible way and at a representative level.