Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases by Marcello Orzalesi, Carlo Corchia (auth.), Giuseppe

By Marcello Orzalesi, Carlo Corchia (auth.), Giuseppe Buonocore, Rodolfo Bracci, Michael Weindling (eds.)

This new textbook desires to supply to neonatologists and pediatricians a contemporary and entire view of a few of the difficulties and facets of neonatology, at the moment the most complicated and complicated fields of pediatrics.

The first chapters can be devoted to the epidemiology of neonatal mortality and morbidity and to the stipulations answerable for neonatal chance. a bit can be dedicated to organizational difficulties of hospitals and residential prone for effective glossy neonatal and toddler care.

Particular awareness may be paid to neonatal care, medico-legal questions, exam of newborns and present availability of laboratory amenities and instrumentation for identity of perinatal abnormalities. Neonatal dietary difficulties may also be tested, outlining present wisdom of the wishes of in poor health and fit infants. stipulations jeopardizing fetal future health equivalent to diabetes, maternal drug abuse and smoking may be mentioned. New advances in neonatal pharmacology might be greatly tested.

Various ailments of the neonate related to lungs, middle, gastrointestinal tract, blood, immune method, endocrine approach and kidneys could be additionally expounded in particular chapters. Fetal and neonatal infections can be largely mentioned. Fetal and neonatal neurological abnormalities should be mentioned via hugely really good authors. there'll be chapters on neonatal ophthalmology, dermatology and orthopedics.

Each bankruptcy has beeb written through a good famous foreign specialist in his or her box. because the opinion chief of their box, the writer is chargeable for giving the main up to date details when it comes to what's recognized, what's nonetheless being researched, and what has turn into proof dependent medication. Underlying motives and mechanisms of neonatal ailments might be offered in an instantaneous shape. using summaries, tables, and competently chosen instructions or innovations that may accompany the textual content will provide fast references and rapid options to the involved neonatologists in the course of their day-by-day perform.

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Additional info for Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases

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Fig. 1 Reconstructed 3-D imaging of the eyes, palate and mandible from the fetal profile D. Arduini and M. Vendola Three- dimensional (3-D) and four- dimensional (4-D) ultrasound techniques are used to provide additional imaging of fetal structures. Today 3-D ultrasound is most commonly performed for the visualization of the baby’s face. However, it has the potential to become part of routine care and many hospitals use the 3-D ultrasound to detect fetal anomalies, especially of the heart and of the CNS (Fig.

2). 3) [9]. In developed countries four main causes account for more than 75% of all neonatal deaths: disorders related to prematurity or low birth weight (LBW), congenital anomalies, neonatal infections, birth asphyxia and birth trauma [9]. The proportion to which each one of these causes contributes to neonatal mortality varies from country to country but prematurity and LBW are always predominant. 5 Prematurity and Low Birth Weight Prematurity (GA < 37 weeks) and LBW (<2500 g) are the leading causes of neonatal and infant death among babies born in developed countries [9, 12].

The magnitude 2 The Development from Fetus to Newborn of the final neuronal damage depends on both the severity of the initial insult and damage due to energy failure, injury during reperfusion, and apoptosis. The extent, nature, severity, and duration of the primary injury are all important in determining the magnitude of the residual neurological damage. Intracranial hemorrhage in the full-term infant can be intraventricular, subarachnoid, subdural, or intracerebellar. There is often ventilatory disturbance and hypoxia because of varying neurological depression.

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