Oil Age Eskimos by Joseph G. Jorgensen

By Joseph G. Jorgensen

In a e-book made in particular well timed through the disastrous Exxon Valdez oil spill in March 1989, Joseph Jorgensen analyzes the effect of Alaskan oil extraction on Eskimo society. the writer investigated 3 groups representing 3 environments: Gambell (St. Lawrence Island, Bering Sea), Wainwright (North Slope, Chukchi Sea), and Unalakleet (Norton Sound). The Alaska local Claims payment Act of 1971, which facilitated oil operations, dramatically altered the industrial, social, and political association of those villages and others like them. even if they've got skilled little direct fiscal enjoy the oil economic climate, they've got assumed many environmental hazards posed by means of the undefined. Jorgensen offers a close reminder that the local villagers nonetheless rely on the harvest of naturally-occurring assets of the land and sea--birds, eggs, fish, vegetation, land mammals and sea mammals. Oil Age Eskimos could be learn by way of all these attracted to local American societies and the guidelines that have an effect on these societies.

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Calhollc Church 25. Haugen Truddng 26. GTE Tefephoue 27. Unalakleet Native Corporation Building 28. Euksavlk Health CUnlc 28. High Schoof (State) 30. Grade School (State) 31. Teacher Housing 32. Recreation Platform 33. Federal Aviation Administration Complex 34. Department of Transportation and Public Facilities Garage 35. Fire Station 36. 37. 38. 38. 40. 41. 42. 43. Fuel Storage Ryan Air Service Federal Aviation Administration/Weather Weln Air/Air Freight Trading Post Unalakleet Native Corporation Garage Gasoline Storage Fuel Storage Map 4.

Kruse, Kleinfeld, and Travis (1982) report that 35 percent of the North Slope residents in their sample "perceived that village livi,ng conditions worsened [since before the oil revenue period] . . " Residents believed that the borough had mett their needs, but they did not know whether it had controlled oil development. Community institutions proliferated, single-family housing proliferated, and average household size decreased. Yet groups of persons organized for subsistence extraction, consumption, and distribution have maintained much of their pre-1970s character, both in scope and in the relations that connect them, at least in Wainwright (Luton 1985).

Department or Transportation and Public Facllhles Airport Gatage 2. Grade School 3. Gambell Village Corporation 4. 5. 6. 7. 13. City Storage 14. Cold Slorage 15. City Hall/Indian Reorganization AlN Gambell VlMage Corporation Olftce Warehouaeo t 6. 711\ Day Advontist Chord> Heal1h Clinic Old Arrnoly Presbylerl8n Church Vlll9 Ele<:lric CoopondiYe 17. National Guard Arrnoly 18. CommiM'Oity Hall 19. Project Head Slart Building 20. NewG&E Slate 21. Uniled Telephone Ollice 22. Former Coffee Shop 23. Mllnz Alr1ine Agent "'-'- 8.

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