By Martin A. Abraham, Luc Moens
Fresh Solvents: replacement Media for Chemical Reactions and Processing makes a speciality of using fresh solvents for chemical approaches, with an emphasis on chemical reactions, in one accomplished quantity. earlier books at the topic have desirous about purposes of particular solvents.
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Extra resources for Clean Solvents. Alternative Media for Chemical Reactions and Processing
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Temperature. n Figure 9. Density of [C mim][BF ] (n = 2 to η = 10) (Ο) and [C mim][PFJ (n=2 to η = 8) (Π) at 40 °C vs. alkyl chain length. ch004 We have found suitable equations to predict the viscosity and density of an array of ionic liquids as a function of temperature and alkyl chain length. With regards to temperature, the viscosity data fit the VFT equation for glass forming liquids. Lengthening the alkyl chain results in an increased viscosity. Liquidcrystalline ionic liquids show a substantially higher viscosity than isotropic ionic liquids and behave as non-Newtonian shear-thinning materials.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1988,27, 89. 2. (a) Hiraoka, M . , "Crown Compounds: Their Characteristics and Applica tions", Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982. (b)Lindoy, L. F. "The Chemistry of Macrocyclic Ligand Complexes", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990. (c) Moyer, B. A. "Complexation and Transport," in Molecular Recognition: Receptors for Cationic Guests, Gokel, G. W. , Vol. 1, Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry, Atwood, J. , Davies, J. E . , MacNicol, D. ; and Lehn, J. - M . , Pergamon, Elsevier, Oxford, 1996; Chap.