A History of Mechanics by René Dugas

By René Dugas

"A outstanding paintings with a purpose to stay a rfile of the 1st rank for the historian of mechanics." — Louis de Broglie
In this masterful synthesis and summation of the technological know-how of mechanics, Rene Dugas, a number one pupil and educator on the famed Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, bargains with the evolution of the rules of common mechanics chronologically from their earliest roots in antiquity in the course of the center a while to the innovative advancements in relativistic mechanics, wave and quantum mechanics of the early twentieth century.
The current quantity is split into 5 components: the 1st treats of the pioneers within the examine of mechanics, from its beginnings as much as and together with the 16th century; the second one part discusses the formation of classical mechanics, together with the significantly inventive and influential paintings of Galileo, Huygens and Newton. The 3rd half is dedicated to the eighteenth century, during which the association of mechanics unearths its climax within the achievements of Euler, d'Alembert and Lagrange. The fourth half is dedicated to classical mechanics after Lagrange. partly 5, the writer undertakes the relativistic revolutions in quantum and wave mechanics.
Writing with nice readability and sweep of imaginative and prescient, M. Dugas follows heavily the guidelines of the nice innovators and the texts in their writings. the result's an incredibly exact and goal account, in particular thorough in its bills of mechanics in antiquity and the center a while, and the real contributions of Jordanus of Nemore, Jean Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Leonardo da Vinci, and lots of different key figures.
Erudite, accomplished, replete with penetrating insights, A History of Mechanics is an surprisingly skillful and wide-ranging examine that belongs within the library of a person drawn to the heritage of science.

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From Duhem we have taken what material he could extract from the manuscripts of the Middle Ages, at the same time bringing to this semi-darkness the light of his particularly profound and alert mind. We must confess however that we have had to disagree with several of his opinions, which appeared too categorical to us. Duhem had undergone the polarisation of the investigator which leads him to attach too great an importance sometimes to the original he has just discovered. Besides, Duhem’s attachment to energetics made him somewhat biassed.

4. THE BOOK OF CHARISTION. Liber Charastonis is the latin version of an arabic text due to the geometer Thâbit ibn Kurrah (836-901). The original greek version remains unknown, and the question of whether karaston (in Arabic—karstûn) refers merely to the roman balance or to the name of the greek geometer Charistion (a contemporary of Philon of Byzantium in the IInd Century B. ) has been the subject of much scholarly debate. We shall follow Duhem 16 in summarising the theory of the roman balance which is found in Liber Charastonis.

Then let the parts of the Earth which have been separated from each other and taken to the ends of the World be allowed to reunite at the centre; let the Earth be formed by a different procedure—the result will be exactly the same. If the parts are taken to the ends of the World and are taken there similarily in all directions, they will necessarily form a mass which is symmetrical. Because there will result an addition of parts which are equal in all directions, and the surface which defines the mass produced will be everywhere equidistant from the centre.

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