By Kees van Deemter
To converse, audio system have the desire to make it transparent what they're conversing approximately. The act of referring, which anchors phrases to objects, is a primary point of language. during this ebook, Kees van Deemter indicates that computational types of reference supply beautiful instruments for taking pictures the complexity of referring. certainly, the versions van Deemter offers hide many concerns past the fundamental inspiration of relating an item, together with connection with units, approximate descriptions, descriptions produced below uncertainty about the hearer's wisdom, and outlines that target to notify or impact the hearer.
The booklet, which might be learn as a case research in cognitive technology, attracts on views from around the cognitive sciences, together with philosophy, experimental psychology, formal good judgment, and laptop technological know-how. Van Deemter advocates a mix of computational modeling and cautious experimentation because the most well liked strategy for increasing those insights. He then exhibits this technique in motion, protecting a number of algorithms and quite a few equipment for checking out them. He exhibits that the strategy permits us to version logically advanced referring expressions, and demonstrates how we will achieve an figuring out of reference in events the place the speaker's wisdom is hard to evaluate or the place the referent resists targeted definition. eventually, he proposes a application of study that addresses the open questions that stay during this region, arguing that this software can considerably improve our realizing of human communication.
Read or Download Computational Models of Referring: A Study in Cognitive Science PDF
Similar intelligence & semantics books
This publication is a suite of the "best" / so much stated Brooks papers. essentially it covers what's thought of the middle of papers that received behaviour dependent robotics rolling. just about all papers have seemed as magazine papers prior and this is often in simple terms a handy selection of those. For someone engaged on cellular robotics those papers are a needs to.
This booklet constitutes the refereed complaints of the 4th eu convention on making plans, ECP'97, held in Toulouse, France, in September 1997. The 35 revised complete papers awarded have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from ninety submissions. the variety of subject matters coated spans all points of present synthetic intelligence making plans, from theoretical and foundational concerns to real making plans of platforms and purposes in a number of components.
This sequence will comprise monographs and collections of stories dedicated to the research and exploration of data, info, and information processing structures of every kind, regardless of even if human, (other) animal, or laptop. Its scope is meant to span the total diversity of pursuits from classical difficulties within the philosophy of brain and philosophical psycholo gy via matters in cognitive psychology and sociobiology (concerning the psychological functions of different species) to principles on the topic of man made in telligence and to laptop technology.
This e-book describes how evolutionary algorithms (EA), together with genetic algorithms (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) can be used for fixing multi-objective optimization difficulties within the zone of embedded and VLSI approach layout. Many advanced engineering optimization difficulties could be modelled as multi-objective formulations.
- Life: An Introduction to Complex Systems Biology
- Soft Computing in Machine Learning
- Proof-theoretic Semantics
- Efficient Parsing for Natural Language: A Fast Algorithm for Practical Systems (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science)
Additional resources for Computational Models of Referring: A Study in Cognitive Science
Quantity. The Maxim of Quantity: 1. Make your contribution as informative as is required. 2. Do not make your contribution more informative than is required. Relation. The Maxim of Relation contains just one requirement: 1. Be relevant. Manner. The Maxim of Manner says: 1. Avoid obscurity of expression. 2. Avoid ambiguity. 3. Be brief (avoid unnecessary prolixity). 4. Be orderly. Grice notoriously did not formalize his Maxims, which are consequently open to different interpretations. Importantly, the Gricean Maxims come into their own when they are “honoured in the breach”: they help speakers to convey information by violating them (or appearing to violate them).
Where the work is motivated by theoretical considerations, the emphasis can be on either type of model, though the former type is studied more often than the latter. The book will try to do justice to both types of research. Models that mimic speakers will take centre stage in the ﬁrst two Parts, because the bulk of the work on simple REs (what I call the classic REG task) has predominantly taken this perspective. Parts III and IV will switch back and forth between the two perspectives. Occasionally the two perspectives will merge, because in trying to ﬁnd an effective way to speak, it can be useful to seek inspiration from human language production.
If the intersection [[zebra]] ∩ [[pregnant]] happens to be a singleton set, then the combination of the properties “being a zebra” and “being pregnant” is suitable for building an RE. This RE would refer to the set containing only the one pregnant zebra and, by an obvious extension, to this zebra itself. At the end of the 19th century, the philosopher and logician Gottlob Frege wrote extensively about the way in which the meaning of a sentence depends First Part: Setting the stage 31 on the meanings of its syntactic parts [Frege, 1960], a perspective that has come to be associated with the term compositional semantics.