By Daniel J. Tichenor
Immigration might be the main enduring and elemental leitmotif of the US. This e-book is the main robust learn to this point of the politics and guidelines it has encouraged, from the founders' earliest efforts to form American id to ultra-modern revealing struggles over 3rd international immigration, noncitizen rights, and unlawful extraterrestrial beings. Weaving a powerful new theoretical procedure right into a sweeping historical past, Daniel Tichenor ties jointly earlier reviews' idiosyncratic reasons for specific, pivotal twists and turns of immigration coverage. He tells the tale of vigorous political battles among immigration defenders and doubters over the years and of the transformative coverage regimes they built.Tichenor takes us from shiny nineteenth-century politics that propelled expansive eu admissions and chinese language exclusion to the draconian regulations that had taken carry by way of the Nineteen Twenties, together with racist quotas that later hampered the rescue of Jews from the Holocaust. American international management and curiosity staff politics within the a long time after global struggle II, he argues, ended in a stunning growth of immigration possibilities. within the Nineties, a surge of restrictionist fervor spurred the political mobilization of modern immigrants. Richly documented, this pathbreaking paintings indicates small variety of interlocking temporal methods, no longer least altering institutional possibilities and constraints, underlie the turning tides of immigration sentiments and coverage regimes. Complementing a dynamic narrative with a number of worthy tables and timelines, Dividing strains is the definitive remedy of a phenomenon that has profoundly formed the nature of yank nationhood.
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Additional resources for Dividing Lines: The Politics of Immigration Control in America (Princeton Studies in American Politics: Historical, International, and Comparative Perspectives)
Institutionalist analysis—one that places special emphasis on the interplay of dynamic governing institutions, policy alliances, expertise, and international crises—to illuminate broad patterns and transformations of American immigration policy over time. More generally, this analysis highlights several political processes that may broaden our theoretical understanding of immigration politics in modern industrial democracies. Before turning to this analytical framework, however, let us ﬁrst consider several existing theoretical perspectives on the rise and fall of immigration policy regimes.
Revealingly, the national state and party system can profoundly affect policy alliances by actively fostering the formation of new group participants in immigration policymaking, demobilizing others, and shaping how groups deﬁne their policy goals over time. Those who assume that political institutions merely transmit the preferences of social groups largely ignore the extent to which the formation of new interest groups and social movements may rely upon government sponsorship. Walker persuasively argued that powerful elderly interest groups like the American Association of Retired Persons were formed to guard and expand government services provided by Social Security, Medicare, and the Older Americans Act of 1965.
Cosmopolitans endorse expansive alien admissions and the full inclusion of newcomers in the national political community. They believe that large-scale immigration is socially and economically beneﬁcial to the United States, and that the country’s assimilative capacities are vast. From Ralph Waldo Emerson and Jane Addams to Edward Kennedy and Xavier Becerra, cosmopolitans have defended cultural pluralism and heterogeneous immigration. 46 They have supported generous admissions policies for family reuniﬁcation, refugee relief, and other concerns.