By Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur, Luc Soete
This leading edge booklet makes a speciality of an important notion underpinning present ecu Union (EU) study coverage. It describes the heritage and idea of the eu examine sector (ERA), analyses a number of the underlying assumptions, assesses a few of its achievements, and takes a quick examine its destiny. ''European technological know-how and know-how Policy'' bargains with the thought of the period, a coordinated and potent ecu examine quarter, the winning success of in order to develop into the most goal of ecu learn coverage as soon as the Lisbon Treaty enters into strength. The ebook demonstrates that just about ten years after the formal release of the period proposal, little top-down development turns out to were made when it comes to attaining higher governance of the ecu examine panorama. despite the fact that, tangible bottom-up growth has been made in the direction of harmonising study past the prevailing uncoordinated nationwide, inter-governmental and supranational coverage schemes. Given the present ongoing period debate, this well timed booklet can be a useful device for know-how and innovation policymakers and practitioners in Europe. it is going to additionally entice students and scholars within the fields of technological know-how, know-how and innovation.
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Additional resources for European Science and Technology Policy: Towards Integration or Fragmentation?
The UK proposed the idea of combining into a single institution cooperative efforts in the field of satellites and for the development of a launcher on the basis of its 'Blue Streak' military rocket, which it proposed to convert to civilian uses. After a conference convened by Switzerland in 1960 in Geneva at CERN, the British proposal was abandoned and in 1962 an intergovernmental agreement was signed creating two separate organizations: the European Space Research Organization (ESRO) in charge of satellites and research and the European Space Vehicle Launcher Development Organization (ELDO) responsible for building launchers.
The Constitutional Treaty set yet another step by explicitly mentioning space and security. The last boundary was crossed with the European Research Council: basic research, or frontier research as the new buzzword has it, has been accepted as a category. It seems unavoidable that the discussions on the European Research Area involve a fundamental rethinking of the objectives and the position of the FP. 4 REFORMS IN HIGHER EDUCATION, RESEARCH INSTITUTES AND INNOVATION AS THE NEW PARADIGM From the 1970s onwards, two developments stand out at national level.
Andre underlines the importance of the events of the early 1970s when he traces the roots of the European Research Area back to Dahrendorf and emphatically not to Spinelli, the villain in Andre's cast (Andre, 2006, p. 133). It all depends, of course, on one's definition or view of the European Research Area (ERA), which for Andre is centred on coordination. It is ironic that the European Research Council (ERC), which was established in 2007, and the EU's much more pronounced role with regard to research infrastructures, which in 2008 are both touted as cornerstones of ERA, are rather more Spinelli's children.