Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, by Richard Sims

By Richard Sims

From the again cover:

Modern Japan's political heritage has been eventful and turbulent. the rustic reworked itself from a decentralised feudal regime right into a modernising geographical region, which then deviated from that direction within the Thirties in the direction of militarism, fascism and pan-Asianism, a direction which resulted in the Pacific conflict after which to defeat, career and the imposition of an absolutely democratic constitution.
This ebook explores the Meiji preservation (conventionally yet misleadingly termed Restoration); the rules of the samurai modernisers who ruled the Meiji executive; the quick visual appeal of liberal political events; the advent of a German-style structure and the evolution of a 'politics of compromise' out of the early parliamentary clash; the broadening of political job and awareness with the arrival of 'Taisho democracy'; the renewed and occasionally fanatical emphasis on nationwide solidarity within the Thirties; the wartime adjustments within the political method; the unconventional postwar reforms and the 'reverse course'; the 4 a long time of Liberal Democratic celebration dominance after the career; and the shake-up of eastern politics in the course of the 1990s.
No different paintings has coated eastern political background in view that 1868 in such element, and the current quantity fills the distance among basic histories of contemporary Japan and the monographic literature.
RICHARD SIMS has taught glossy eastern background on the institution of Oriental and African reviews, collage of London, considering that 1966. His past books contain sleek Japan (1973) and French coverage in the direction of the Bakufu and Meiji Japan, 1854-1895 (1998).

Table of Contents:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
ILLUSTRATIONS
PREFACE
GLOSSARY
A be aware ON eastern NAMES
THE altering price OF THE YEN
1. THE MEIJI RENOVATION
Japan within the mid-nineteenth century
The reasons of the Meiji Ishin
The institution and consolidation of the Meiji government
Obstacles to centralising reform
The abolition of feudal domains
The acceleration of modernisation
Political department and the 1873 governmental crisis
The ascendancy of Okubo
The disestablishment of the samurai and the Satsuma rebellion
The personality of the Meiji government
2. THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE MEIJI kingdom AND the expansion OF POLITICAL competition, 1878-90
The consolidation of the Meiji state
The People's Rights movement
The 1881 political crisis
The first nationwide political parties
The People's Rights circulation within the 1880s
The Meiji government's reaction to the People's Rights movement
3. THE CONSTITUTIONAL test AND the start OF COMPROMISE POLITICS, 1890-1905
The first nutrition sessions
The Ito cupboard and the Jiyuto
The 1898 deadlock and the Kenseito cabinet
The Yamagata cupboard and the Kenseito
The formation of the Seiyukai
Politics less than the 1st Katsura cabinet
The Hibiya Park riots
The declining function of the elder statesmen
4. POLITICAL social gathering CONSOLIDATION, OLIGARCHIC response AND THE EMERGENCE of recent FORCES, 1905-18
The political technique of Hara Takashi
The moment Katsura cupboard and the Seiyukai
The moment Saionji cupboard and the demise of the Emperor
The Taisho political crisis
The social and ideological history of the Taisho political crisis
The aftermath of the Taisho political crisis
The Okuma cupboard and the increase of the Doshikai
The Terauchi cupboard and the resurgence of the Seiyukai
The rice riots and the Hara cabinet
5. get together cupboards, RADICAL hobbies AND THE cave in OF TAISHO DEMOCRACY, 1918-32
The post-war ferment
The rules of the Hara cabinet
Seiyukai disunity and non-party cabinets
Reform and response less than the Kato cabinet
The Wakatsuki cupboard and its difficulties
Formation of the Minseito and the 1928 election
The repressive rules and political problems of the Tanaka cabinet
Financial retrenchment and the Naval boundaries controversy
The melancholy and screw ups of the Minseito cabinet
Military subversion and the Mukden Incident
The cave in of the second one Wakatsuki cabinet
The Inukai cupboard and the might fifteenth Incident
The weaknesses of political parties
'Taisho Democracy' and the hot social movements
Left-wing political parties
6. THE PURSUIT OF better nationwide cohesion AND THE conflict country, 1932-45
The upsurge of fundamentalist nationalism
The divisions inside of jap ultranationalism
The Saito cabinet
The Okada cupboard and the Minobe affair
Factional fight within the army
The February twenty sixth Incident
The raise in army effect on government
The partial celebration revival and the Hayashi cabinet
The first Konoe cupboard and the China Incident
The Hiranuma and Abe cabinets
The Yonai cupboard and the recent celebration movement
Konoe and the recent political structure
The emasculation of the hot structure
Politics and international coverage in 1941
Tojo, the 1942 election and war-time politics
The progress of competition to Tojo
The Koiso and Suzuki cupboards and the peace party
The choice to surrender
7. THE POST-WAR RESHAPING OF jap POLITICS, 1945-52
Conservative expectancies and preliminary career policy
Constitutional reform
The revival of political parties
The 1946 election and the purge of Hatoyama
The first Yoshida cupboard and the problem of the Left
Socialist-led coalition government
The switch in American coverage and the go back to conservative control
The finish of the Occupation
8. THE '1955 approach' AND THE period OF L.D.P. DOMINANCE, 1952-93
The endurance of yankee influence
Conservative department and Yoshida's ousting
Socialist merger and the formation of the Liberal Democratic Party
The Hatoyama cupboard and the response opposed to the Occupation
Kishi's upward push to power
Kishi and safety Treaty revision
Political conciliation and monetary development less than Ikeda
The Sato cupboard and political switch within the 1960s
The retrocession of Okinawa
Relations with China and the tip of the Sato cabinet
The Tanaka cabinet's goals and setbacks
The Miki cupboard and the hindrances to political reform
The Lockheed scandal and the Fukuda cabinet
LDP factional clash and the Ohira cabinet's lack of a nutrition majority
The conservative revival
The Suzuki cupboard and administrative reform
Nakasone's new approach
The Liberal Democratic Party's 1986 election success
Introduction of the intake tax
The Recruit scandal and the cave in of the Takeshita and Uno cabinets
The cave in of the 'bubble economic climate' and the impression of the Gulf Crisis
The Sagawa scandal and the Liberal Democratic Party's fall from power
The purposes for the LDP's lengthy dominance
9. THE SHAKE-UP OF jap POLITICS, 1993-2000
The Hosokawa coalition and its reform measures
The conservative-Social Democratic coalition, 1994-6
The New Frontier celebration and the 1996 election
The Hashimoto cupboard and the LDP setback in 1998
The Obuchi cupboard and the LDP-Liberal Party-Komeito coalition
The eastern political state of affairs initially of the twenty-first century
BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Extra resources for Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000.

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Without an extraordinary combination of determination, flexibility, talent for political manipulation and some luck they would have had little chance of achieving their aims. Determination and luck were particularly important at the beginning of 1868, for the coup d'état of 3 January was an immense gamble. In the first place the military forces which Satsuma, Choshu and their few allies could mobilise were inferior in number to those which the Bakufu could marshal. On top of this their coalition was a fragile one.

The large establishments which the near 300 daimyo were obliged to maintain in the capital helped to make it probably the largest city in the world by 1700 with at least 1 million inhabitants; while Osaka, the port from which produce from the most economically advanced region of Japan was supplied to Edo by sea, grew to almost half the latter's size. Towns which lay on the routes to Edo taken by daimyo retinues also flourished, as indeed did many other towns, for like the Shogun most daimyo in the early seventeenth century sought to reduce the danger of rebellion (hitherto not uncommon) by compelling vassals to give up their independent local bases and move to the han castle-town, where they would receive a stipend from the daimyo's warehouse.

Nor does this surprise the Japanese themselves, for even within Japan there is little inclination to boast about the conduct of Japanese politics. Still less is any pride taken in Japan's modern political heritage. 1 It would be impossible to deny the validity of much of the criticism of Japan's modern political record. Before 1945, certainly, repression and government indoctrination always existed to a greater or lesser extent, together with a reluctance on the part of the ruling élite to concede full political rights even to the male xivpopulation.

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