Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism by Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

By Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Nasr examines the lifestyles and considered Mawlana Mawdudi, one of many first and most crucial Islamic ideological thinkers. Mawdudi was once the 1st to strengthen a latest political Islamic ideology, and a plan for social motion to gain his imaginative and prescient. The prolific writings and indefatigable efforts of Mawdudi's social gathering, the Jamaat-i-Islami, first in India and later in Pakistan, have disseminated his rules in all places. His perspectives have proficient revivalism from Morocco to Malaysia. Nasr discerns the occasions that led Mawdudi to a revivalist standpoint, and probes the constitution of his idea, that allows you to achieve clean insights into the origins of Islamic revivalism. He argues that Islamic revivalism didn't easily strengthen as a cultural rejection of the West, fairly it used to be heavily tied to questions of communal politics and its impression on id formation, discourse of strength in plural societies, and nationalism. Mawdudi's discourse, notwithstanding geared toward the West, used to be encouraged by way of Muslim-Hindu festival for energy in British India. His target, in line with Nasr, was once to place forth a view of Islam whose invigorated, pristine, and uncompromising outlook may impress Muslims into an ideologically uniform and therefore politically indivisible neighborhood. In time, this view constructed a lifetime of its personal and advanced into an all-encompassing standpoint on society and politics, and has been a outstanding strength in South Asia and Muslim existence and concept around the Muslim international.

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53 Iqbal had advocated a Muslim homeland in northern India since 1930 and thought the Muslims needed a political organization. He had discussed it with a number of his friends, including Aligarh University's Zafaru'l-Hasan (d. 1951), a Kantian philosopher of renown who had been a proponent of the two-nation theory and had proposed a Muslim political organization to be named Shabbanu'l-Muslimin (Muslim youth). 54 Iqbal was not organizationally minded and regarded education as the most effective means of bringing about a Muslim reawakening.

Mawdudi, however, had not wavered in his belief in the viability of the caliphate. He merely concluded that if the caliphate was to be retained, it would have to be built anew for religious reasons and not sentimental attachment or political interests. This was not a task for a journalist, nor was a journal the proper forum for furthering this cause. Mawdudi became increasingly disenchanted with his profession, viewing it as a "mental torment,"96 restricting and hampering the task before him. In 1928, after ten years as a journalist, he left Al-Jam'iat.

Muslims may face yet greater misery. If a warning is not given by me, as I foresee it, the danger is imminent. 35 Mawdudi's writings now began to display a coherent political outlook argued rationally and systematically. His political views were now quite different from the occasional pronouncements on diverse issues found in his earlier works. His position became all-encompassing, articulate, and revivalist. He addressed himself to the Muslim supporters of the Congress party, especially those targeted by its mass contact campaign.

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