Nations in Arms: The Theory and Practice of Territorial by Adam Roberts

By Adam Roberts

This can be a revised and enlarged 2d variation, which covers the query of defence regulations according to the assumption, now not of long-distance retaliation, yet of creating a rustic difficult to beat. It makes an attempt to stipulate an alternative choice to the heavy reliance on nuclear deterrence of a few international locations this present day. It strains the origins of the belief of territorial defence and its present half within the defence plans of many nations from China to Switzerland. the level to which such guidelines will be thought of "manifestly defensive"is thought of; so are the results of industrialization and of latest precision-guided guns. in preference to the controversy approximately defence, solid by way of unilateral as opposed to multilateral disarmament; or club as opposed to non-membership of NATO, this ebook means that the talk may concentration much less on those matters than on one that is extra basic and likewise more effective: what sort of defence coverage can states or alliances pursue, which provide them a few keep watch over over their future, which may command public aid and that's appropriate with the aim of peace?

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Extra resources for Nations in Arms: The Theory and Practice of Territorial Defence

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George, ue Kuan Tew's Singapore, Andre Deutsch, London, 1973, p. 17°· U See for exampleJon L. Lellenberg, Overoiewq[theCitizen-Army Concept, duplicated paper published by Strategic Studies Center, Stanford Research Institute, October 1972, pp . 7-9; and Frederick Martin Stern, 'Militias East of Suez: Filling the Power Vacuum', Orbis, Philadelphia, Fall 1968, pp. 898-g. 33 NATIONS IN ARMS Kuan Yew's mind. But what was being preserved from take-over was a system of quasi-authoritarian rule, not a functioning multiparty democracy comparable to those in Finland, Switzerland or Israel.

A connection was perceived between the obligation of military service to the state and the right to political power within it: 20 which helps explain, though it cannot justify, the delays in granting the vote to women, eventually achieved in 1971. But when it comes to the ideas of the armed people or of territorial defence, Switzerland is by no means a pure paradigm. traditionally been that the people as a whole should conduct defence in depth of a guerrilla type in all areas which might be occupied by an adversary.

Nevertheless, there is evidence that Swiss military preparations played some part in discouraging any such adventure. Germany knew that Switzerland would fight; that the St Gotthard and Simplon tunnels, so important for sending arms and supplies to Italy, would be blown up; and that even if the Swiss army had to abandon the densely populated areas it had plans to withdraw into the Alps rather than surrender. In March 1943, in a secret meeting with the German SS commander Schellenberg, General Guisan of the Swiss army expressed his determination that the Swiss would fight in all circumstances.

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