By Axel Liebscher, Ute Münch
This e-book explores the economic use of safe, everlasting garage applied sciences for carbon dioxide (CO2), in particular geological CO2 garage. Readers are invited to find how this greenhouse gasoline may be spared from everlasting free up into the ambience via garage in deep rock formations. issues explored the following comprise CO2 reservoir administration, caprock formation, bio-chemical techniques and fluid migration. specific awareness is given to groundwater defense, the advance of sensor expertise, borehole seals and cement quality.
A collaborative paintings by means of scientists and commercial companions, this quantity offers unique examine, it investigates a number of elements of cutting edge applied sciences for medium-term use and it encompasses a unique hazard analysis.
Coal-based energy iteration, strength eating commercial tactics (such as metal and cement) and the burning of biomass all bring about carbon dioxide. these occupied with such industries who're contemplating geological garage of CO2, in addition to earth scientists and engineers will worth this publication and the cutting edge tracking equipment defined. Researchers within the box of machine imaging and development popularity also will locate whatever of curiosity in those chapters.
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Additional info for Geological Storage of CO2 – Long Term Security Aspects: GEOTECHNOLOGIEN Science Report No. 22
255 Martens S, Kempka T, Liebscher A, Lüth S, Möller F, Myrttinen A, Norden B, SchmidtHattenberger C, Zimmer M, Kühn M (2012) Europe’s longest-operating on-shore CO2 storage site at Ketzin, Germany: a progress report after three years of injection. Environ Earth Sci 67 (2):323–334. 1007/s12665-012-1672-5 Martens S, Liebscher A, Möller F, Henninges J, Kempka T, Lüth S, Norden B, Prevedel B, Szizybalski A, Zimmer M, Kühn M, Ketzin Group (2013) CO2 storage at the Ketzin pilot site, Germany: fourth year of injection, monitoring, modelling and veriﬁcation.
Geophysics 74(1):G1–G15. 3026553 Zimmer M, Pilz P, Erzinger J (2011a) Long-term surface carbon dioxide flux monitoring at the Ketzin carbon dioxide storage test site. Environ Geosci 18:119–130 Zimmer M, Erzinger J, Kujawa C, CO2SINK Group (2011b) The gas membrane sensor (GMS): a new method for gas measurements in deep boreholes applied at the CO2SINK site. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 5:995–1001 MONACO—Monitoring Approach for Geological CO2 Storage Sites Using a Hierarchical Observation Concept Claudia Schütze, Karin Bräuer, Peter Dietrich, Viktoria Engnath, Michael Gisi, Gunnar Horak, Carsten Leven, Alexander Lübben, Ingo Möller, Michael Nierychlo, Stefan Schlömer, Andreas Schuck, Ulrich Serfling, Arno Simon, Thomas Streil and Uta Sauer Abstract The reliable detection and assessment of potential CO2 leakages from storage formations require the application of assurance monitoring tools at different spatial scales.
Numerous methods and technologies from different disciplines (such as chemistry, hydrogeology, meteorology, and geophysics) were either combined or used complementarily to one another, with results subsequently being jointly interpreted. Patterns of atmospheric CO2 distributions in terms of leakage detection can be observed on large scales with the help of infrared spectroscopy or micrometeorological methods, which aim to identify zones with unexpected or anomalous atmospheric CO2 concentrations.