By Andree Tiberghien, Heinz Mandl
The NATO workshop ''Knowledge acquisition within the area of physics and clever studying environments" was once held in Lyon, France, July 8-12, 1990. a complete of 31 researchers from Europe (France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and the U. okay. ), the U. S. A. , and Japan labored jointly. This lawsuits quantity includes lots of the contributions to the workshop. The papers convey truly the most instructions of analysis in clever studying environments. They reveal numerous issues of view counting on the researcher's personal historical past even if a unmarried area of training, particularly physics, is taken into account. We recognize the help of Michael Baker, who was once accountable for reviewing the English of the contributions. February 1992 Andree TIberghien Heinz Mandl desk of Contents advent 1 1. educating events and Physics wisdom Introductory college classes and Open setting methods: the pc as a Multi-role Mediator in Teaching/Learning Physics five E. Balzano, P. Guidoni, M. Moretti, E. Sassi, G. Sgueglia functional paintings relief: wisdom illustration in a version dependent AI process 21 J. Courtois Simultaneous Processing of other challenge facets in professional challenge fixing: An research within the area of Physics at the foundation of Formal Theories of common sense wisdom 35 A. Hron Modelis: a synthetic Intelligence procedure Which types Thermodynamics Textbook difficulties forty seven G. Tisseau 2. varied techniques to scholar Modelling Steps in the direction of the Formalisation of a Psycho-logic of movement sixty five J. Bliss, J.
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L3. 1970 25. Yazdani. : Intelligent Tutoring Systems: an overview. Ablex Publishing Corporation Norwood. 1987 Simultaneous Processing of Different Problem Aspects in Expert Problem Solving An Analysis in the Domain of Physics on the Basis of Formal Theories of Commonsense Knowledge Aemilian Hron Deutsches Institut fUr Femstudien an der Universitilt Tiibingen, Konrad-Adenauer Strasse 40-44, D-7400 Tiibingen I, FRO Abstract: Expert problem solving in the physical domain is analyzed with respect to simultaneous processing of different problem aspects.
The third statement also shows a simultaneous consideration of some problem aspects: Pb4 considers the acceleration of the subsystem, resulting from the equilibrium (category c), to be the acceleration of the total system (category g). This idea is fundamental for solving the problem! It is taken up in the forth statement (category g) in connection with determining the acceleration of the subsystem (category d). 44 Table 1: Solution paths PHYSICS-PROBLEJI .. - -.... ----.. ,... ActMty SUBSYSTaI Umll Analyolo SUBSYSTEM ......
Here the whole technical knowledge of the expert is thoroughly involved. In this category, we fmd the functional and relational descriptions of the devices. These descriptions of the various materials are made within the same frame ; this descriptive constraint has the advantage of making it possible to write diagnosis rules quite dissociated from the materials and their application fields. Up to now, this structure has enabled us to describe all types of materials from the oscilloscope to the collimator, as well as the lens and the simple wire.