Old-Age Security in Comparative Perspective by John B. Williamson

By John B. Williamson

This paintings makes wide use of 7 well-developed old case experiences describing the evolution of public old-age safety in business countries (Germany, uk, Sweden, and the U.S.) and constructing international locations (Brazil, Nigeria, and India). The authors specialize in specifying contexts within which common theoretical views can be utilized to account for those advancements. one of many few experiences which integrates ancient and quantitative facts, this available paintings will turn out invaluable to scholars and researchers of the welfare nation, getting older coverage, and comparative sociology.

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4). During the period of the Confederation people were much more likely to consider themselves Austrians, Prussians, or Bavarians than citizens of Germany (Passant 1959, p. 15). The Prussian constitution of 1850 established a dualistic state with the power divided between the king and the Parliament. The Parliament consisted of a hereditary House of Lords and an elected Chamber of Deputies. There was near universal male suffrage for the Chamber of Deputies, but the votes of those who paid higher taxes (the affluent) were weighted a great deal more heavily than those who paid very little in taxes (Pachter 1978, p.

57, 89). One of the most important influences on pension policy during the post-World War II era has been Germany's economic growth (Esping-Andersen et al. 1988, p. 342). 56 This growth has provided the economic resources needed to finance these structural reforms and spending increases. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, however, the German economy ran into problems. The oil crisis of the 1970s led to serious problems with inflation and near zero economic growth for several years (Alber 1988, p.

In the case of democratic corporatism the assumption is that such policies promote industrial peace and labor-management cooperation. This in turn tends to foster economic growth and thus in the long run generate more by way of resources that can be allocated to public pensions and other forms of social welfare. However, it is possible that in the short run corporatism will result in less pension spending (or less of an increase in spending) as part of an agreed upon effort to stimulate economic growth or reduce inflationary pressure.

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